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Translated version of National long-term science and technology development planning outline of PRC(2006-2020) Click to see the original text in Chinese

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Translated version of National long-term science and technology development

planning outline of PRC(2006-2020) Click to see the original text in Chinese

 

Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, February 9 --

 

National long-term science and technology development planning outline(2006 - 2020 years) 
People's Republic of China State Council

 

Contents

 

First, the preamble 
Two, guiding principles, development goals and the overall deployment 
1.  Guidelines 
2.  Development Goals 
3.  The overall deployment 
Three, areas of focus and priority themes 
1.  Energy 
(1) industrial energy efficiency 
(2) of coal development and utilization of clean and highly efficient, liquid and polygeneration 
(3) the complexity of the geological exploration of oil and gas resources development and utilization of 
(4) renewable energy development and utilization of low-cost large-scale 
(5) ultra-large-scale transmission and distribution and grid security 
2. Water and mineral resources 
(6) optimizing the allocation of water resources development and utilization with the General 
(7) General water-saving
(8) sea water desalination 
(9) resources reserve for exploration by 
(10) and efficient development and utilization of mineral resources 
(11) and efficient development and utilization of marine resources 
(12) General Resources Division
3 Environment
(13) integrated pollution control and waste recycling
(14) ecologically fragile regional ecosystem restoration function
 (15) marine ecology and environmental protection
(16) global environmental change monitoring and response
4 Agriculture
 (17) germplasm resources to explore, preserve and innovation and to cultivate new varieties of orientation
(18) aquatic animal health and disease prevention and control of culture
 (19) intensive processing of agricultural products and modern storage and transportation
 (20) General agriculture, forestry, development and utilization of biomass
(21) agriculture, forestry, ecological security and modern forestry
 (22) environment-friendly fertilizers, pesticides and the creation of eco-agriculture
 (23) multi-purpose agricultural equipment and facilities
(24) Precision agriculture and information technology operations
(25) Modern Milk
5 Manufacturing
 (26) pieces of basic and generic components
 (27) figure and intelligent design and manufacture
 (28) of the green industrial processes, automation and equipment
(29) can be recycled steel flow technology and equipment
(30) large-scale ocean engineering technology and equipment
(31) basic raw materials
 (32) a new generation of functional materials and device information
(33) military support of key materials and engineering
6 Transportation
 (34) transport infrastructure construction and maintenance technology and equipment
(35) high-speed rail transit system
(36) low power and new energy automobiles
 (37) efficient transport technology and equipment
(38) Intelligent Transportation Management System
 (39) transportation security and emergency support
7 Information industry and modern service industry
(40) modern service industry and information technology to support large-scale applications
(41) the key to next-generation network technologies and services
 (42) the credibility of high-performance computer
(43) Sensor Networks and Intelligent Information Processing
(44) digital media platform
 (45) high-definition large-screen flat panel display
(46) for the core application of information security
8 Demographic and Health
(47) safe contraception and birth defects prevention and treatment of birth control
(48) cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease, tumor and other major non-communicable diseases prevention and control
 (49) common in urban and rural communities frequently-occurring disease prevention and control
(50) tradition and innovation in the development of Chinese medicine
(51) advanced medical equipment and biomedical materials
9 Urbanization and Urban Development
(52) cities and towns of regional planning and dynamic monitoring
(53) to enhance urban functions and economical use of space
 (54) and green building energy saving building
(55) Eco-town quality of living environment protection
(56) town information platform
10 Public Safety
 (57) National emergency information platform for public safety
 (58) significant production of early warning and rescue incidents
(59) food security and entry-exit inspection and quarantine
 (60) to guard against sudden and rapid public case disposal
(61) bio-security
(62) major natural disaster monitoring and prevention
11 Defense
Four major special
Five, cutting-edge technology
1 Biotechnology
(1) target discovery technology
(2) plant and animal species and drug design technology
(3) genetic manipulation and protein engineering technology
 (4) stem cell-based human tissue engineering
(5) a new generation of industrial biotechnology
2 Information Technology
(6) Smart sensing technology
(7) self-organizing network technology
 (8) Virtual Reality Technology
3 New materials technology
 (9) Technology Smart Materials and Structures
(10) high-temperature superconductor technology
?(11) Energy Efficient Technology
4 Advanced Manufacturing Technology
(12) extreme manufacturing technology
(13) Intelligent Service Robot
 (14) the major products and major facilities for the life prediction technology
5 Advanced energy technologies
 (15) hydrogen and fuel cell technology
 (16) Distributed Energy Technology
(17) fast neutron reactor technology
(18) Magnetic confinement fusion
6 Marine technology
(19) three-dimensional marine environment monitoring technology
(20) Ocean Harbor Express Multi-parameter detection
 (21) natural gas hydrate technology
 (22) deep-sea fishing technology
7 Laser Technology
8 Air and space technology
Six, basic research
1 Development
 (1) basic disciplines
 (2) cross-disciplinary and emerging disciplines
2 Cutting-edge science questions
(1) quantitative study of life processes and systems integration
 (2) Effect of condensed matter with the new
(3) deep-seated structure of the material and the laws of the universe, large-scale physics
(4) core areas of math and its application in cross -
(5) of the Earth system processes and resources, environment and disaster effects
(6) the creation of new substances into the chemical processes and
(7) brain science and cognitive science
 (8), scientific experiments and observation methods, techniques and equipment innovations
3 Country needs a major strategy for basic research
 (1) human health and the basic biology of disease
(2) genetic improvement of agricultural biodiversity and sustainable agricultural development in the scientific problem
(3) of human activities on the Earth system mechanisms
 (4) Global change and regional response
(5) of complex systems, disaster prediction and control of the formation of
(6) sustainable energy development in key scientific questions
(7) Materials Design and Preparation of the new principles and new methods
(8) under the extreme environmental conditions to create the scientific basis for
 (9) major mechanical problem of Aeronautics and Astronautics
(10) information technology development to support the scientific basis for
4 Significant scientific research plan
(1) Protein Research
(2) quantum-control study
(3) nanotechnology research
(4) Development and Reproduction
Seven, science and technology system reform and the national innovation system
1 Support and encourage enterprises to become the main technological innovation
2 Deepen the reform of scientific research institutions, the establishment of a modern system of scientific research institutes
3 Promote scientific and technological management system
4 Comprehensively promoting national innovation system with Chinese characteristics and construction
Eight, a number of important policies and measures
1 The implementation of enterprise technological innovation incentives and taxation policy
2 The introduction of technology to enhance digestion, absorption and re-innovation
3 The implementation of the promotion of independent innovation in government procurement
4 Implementation of strategies and technical standards for intellectual property strategy
5 Innovation and entrepreneurship to promote the implementation of monetary policy
6 Accelerate the high-tech industries and advanced technologies
7 Perfect combination of military and civilian, the military put a mechanism in the public
8 The expansion of international and regional scientific and technological cooperation and exchanges
9 Enhance scientific and cultural qualities of the whole nation, create a favorable social environment for scientific and technological innovation
  Nine, science and technology input and basic conditions for science and technology platform
1 To establish a diversified, multi-channel system for science and technology investment
2 Adjust and optimize the investment structure, and improve efficiency in the use of science and technology funding
3 Technology platform to strengthen the basic conditions for construction
4 Technology set up the basic conditions of the platform-sharing mechanisms
Ten, construction personnel
1 Speed up the training of a large number of world experts in the forefront of advanced level
2 Give full play to cultivate innovative talents of education in the important role of
3 Supporting enterprises cultivate and attract talents
4 Increase to attract overseas students and overseas high-level personnel work
5 Construction is conducive to the growth of creative talents and cultural environment

The party's National Congress from a well-off society and accelerating the socialist modernization of the overall situation, calls for long-term National Science and Technology for Development Planning, the State Council formulate the outline accordingly.

 

First, the preamble

 The founding of New China, especially since the reform and opening, China's socialist modernization construction has made great achievements attracting worldwide attention. At the same time, must be clearly aware that our country is in a long time and the primary stage of socialism. Building a well-off society, is facing a rare historical opportunity, but also face a series of tough challenges.­ Over-reliance on economic growth, energy resource consumption, environmental pollution; economic structure is irrational, weak agricultural foundation, high-tech industries and modern service industry development lags behind; the ability of independent innovation is weak, their core competitiveness, improve cost-effectiveness to be. In expanding employment, straighten out the distribution relationship between the provision of health protection and to ensure national security and so on, there is a lot of difficulties and problems that need to be solved. From an international viewpoint, our country will be facing the developed countries in the long-term economic and scientific fields to take advantage of the tremendous stress. In order to seize opportunities, meet challenges, we need to carry out a wide range of efforts, including co-ordinating the overall development, deepen reform, improve democracy and legal system, strengthen social management. At the same time, more than ever, we need to closely rely on more scientific and technological progress and innovation, promote a qualitative leap in productivity, and promote economic and social comprehensive, coordinated and sustainable development.

 Science and technology are primary productive forces, advanced productive forces are concentrated expression and a hallmark. The 21st century, the rapid development of new scientific and technological revolution, is pregnant with a new major breakthrough will be profoundly changed the face of economic and social. Information science and technology forging ahead in its development, sustained economic growth is still the leading force; life sciences and the rapid development of biotechnology will improve and enhance the quality of human life play a key role; energy science and technology re-warming, in order to address global energy and environmental issues to open up new ways; nano science and technology breakthroughs one after another, will have a profound technological revolution. A major breakthrough in basic research, technology and economic development prospects for the new show. Application of science and technology, accelerating the pace of transformation, creating new opportunities to catch up and leap.Therefore, we have to stand in the forefront of time to the world vision of new scientific and technological revolution to meet the opportunities and challenges.Throughout the world, many countries have to strengthen scientific and technological innovation as a national strategy to IT investment as a strategic investment, a substantial increase in investment in science and technology and to advance the deployment and development of cutting-edge technologies and strategic industries, the implementation of major IT projects, efforts to strengthen national innovation capacity and international competitiveness. The face of the new international situation, we must strengthen their sense of responsibility and urgency, more consciously and more firmly to scientific and technological progress in economic and social development as the primary driving force, and improve the capability of independent innovation as a basis for adjusting the economic structure, change the mode of growth, enhance national competitiveness the central aspect to building an innovation-oriented country as a major future-oriented strategic choice.

 The founding of new China more than 50 years, several generations of continuous and arduous struggle, the cause of China's science and technology has made encouraging achievements.The "two bombs and one satellite", manned space flight, hybrid rice, land reinforcing the theory and application of oil, high-performance computers, such as marked by a large number of major scientific and technological achievements, to greatly enhance China's comprehensive national strength, and improve China's international status, inspired the U.S. national spirit.At the same time, we must also recognize that compared with developed countries, the overall level of China's science and technology have a wide gap between the main as follows: low self-sufficiency rate of key technologies, a small number of invention patents; in some areas, especially in the central and western rural areas, the technological level still lags behind; not enough high-quality scientific research, lack of good top-notch talent; At the same time, insufficient investment in science and technology, institutional mechanism for a number of shortcomings still exist. At present, our country is an economic power, but not an economic power, a fundamental reason lies in the fact that the weak ability to innovate.

The 21st century, our country as a big developing country, to speed up scientific and technological development, narrowing the gap with the developed countries, but also required a longer period of hard work, but also has many favorable conditions. First, China's sustained and rapid economic growth and social progress, scientific and technological development of the huge demand, as well as scientific and technological development have laid a solid foundation. Our country has established two are relatively complete system of disciplines and has abundant human resources, some of the important areas of research and development capabilities are among the ranks of the world's most advanced, with the great development of science and technology foundation and capabilities.Three insist are open to the public, have become increasingly active in international scientific and technological exchanges and cooperation so that we can share the results of new scientific and technological revolution. Four are adhering to the socialist system to be able to concentrate on doing big things and the political advantage of the market mechanism to play an effective allocation of resources to combine the basic role for the prosperity and development of science and technology provide an important guarantee. Are five of the Chinese nation has a history of 5,000 years of civilization, extensive and profound Chinese culture, inclusive and more conducive to the formation of a unique culture of innovation. As long as we strengthen our sense of national self-confidence, implement the scientific development concept, in-depth country through science and education strategies and the implementation of this strategy to catch up, catch up, after 15 years or even longer persistent hard work, it must be able to create a worthy time the brilliant technological achievement.

 

Two, guiding principles, development goals and the overall deployment

1 Guidelines

 The first 20 years of this century, our country's economic and social development are an important period of strategic opportunity, but also scientific and technological development of important strategic opportunity. Should take Deng Xiaoping Theory, "Three Represents" as guidance, implementing the scientific development concept, through science and education strategies and full implementation of this strategy, based on national conditions, people-oriented, deepening reform, expanding opening up, promoting the rapid development of science and technology, To achieve the goal of comprehensively building a well-off society, building a harmonious socialist society to provide a strong scientific and technological support.

The next 15 years, the guidelines for scientific and technological work are: independent innovation, focusing on cross-support development, to lead the future. Independent innovation, enhance the country from the ability to innovate, strengthen original innovation, integrated innovation and the introduction of new digestion and absorption. Across the focus, that is, some insist, selective, and the foundation must have a selection advantage of people's livelihood and national security of the key areas of focus, the focus of a breakthrough development by leaps and bounds. Support the development, that is, the urgency of the demand from the reality, the focus of major breakthroughs in key technologies to support sustainable economic and social development. Leading the Future, that is, long-term, ahead of the deployment of cutting-edge technology and basic research, creating new market demand, fostering the development of new industries, to lead the future economic and social development. This approach is scientific and technological development of China's more than half a century summary of practical experience, are looking to the future, realizing the great rejuvenation of an important decision.

 Enhance the capability of independent innovation should be placed at all the scientific and technological work of a prominent position. Party and the government has always attached importance to innovation and advocacy. At the outside world under the condition of the building of socialist modernization, we must seriously study and draw on the full all the outstanding achievements of civilization of mankind. More than 20 years of reform and opening up, China's introduction of a large number of technology and equipment to improve the level of industrial technology and promoting economic development has played an important role. However, it must be clear to see that not only focus on the introduction of technology digestion and absorption and re-innovation, it is bound to weaken the ability of independent research and development, and widening the gap between the world's advanced level. The facts tell us that the relationship between the national economy and national security in key areas, the real core technologies can not be bought.Want our country in the fierce international competition to seize the initiative, it is necessary to improve the capability of independent innovation in a number of important areas to master a number of core technologies with independent intellectual property rights group, a large number of internationally competitive enterprises. In short, we must improve the capability of independent innovation as a national strategy to implement the various aspects of modernization, and implement various industries, sectors and regions, significantly improve national competitiveness.

 IT professionals improve the capability of independent innovation are the key. To create a good environment and conditions to cultivate and gather all kinds of scientific and technological talents of top-notch personnel in particular are outstanding, the majority of scientific and technical personnel to fully mobilize the enthusiasm and creativity of scientific and technological work as a primary mission, and strive to create a talent, to make the best use, only make the best use of the good situation, and strive to build a society and economic development and national defense construction is suited to large-scale, well-structured contingent of high-quality talents, scientific and technological development for our country to provide adequate assurance personnel and intellectual support.

2 Development Goals

 By 2020, our country's scientific and technological development of the overall objectives are: the capability of independent innovation significantly increased, and science and technology for economic and social development and the protection of national security has markedly increased the capacity for building a well-off society to provide a strong support; basic science and cutting-edge technology research overall strength significantly increased, and made a group has a significant impact on the world's scientific and technological achievements, to enter the ranks of innovative countries, in the middle of this century the world's science and technology lay the foundation for power.

After 15 years of efforts, our country at a number of important science and technology to achieve the following objectives: First, have a number of national competitiveness is related to the equipment manufacturing and information technology industries, manufacturing and information technology industry into the world advanced level.Second, the overall strength of agricultural science and technology into the forefront of the world to promote the improvement of the comprehensive agricultural production capacity, the effective protection of national food safety.Third, energy development, energy-saving technology and clean energy technology to make a breakthrough in promoting energy structure optimization, the main target of industrial products unit of energy consumption at or near the world advanced level. Are four key industries and key in the city set up the technical development of circular economy model, to build a resource-conserving and environment-friendly society to provide scientific and technological support. Five major diseases are significantly enhance prevention and treatment, AIDS, hepatitis and other major diseases has been checked, the creation of new drugs and the development of critical medical equipment to make a breakthrough with the development of technological capability. National defense science and technology are six basic modern weapons and equipment to meet their own development and construction of the necessary information, in order to protect the interests of national security. Are the emergence of a group of seven world-class team of scientists and researchers, at the direction of scientific development on the mainstream has a significant impact on access to a number of innovations, information, biology, materials and aerospace technology in areas such as the forefront of world advanced level. Completion of eight are a number of world-class research institutes and universities as well as the international competitiveness of the enterprise research and development institutions, and form a relatively complete national innovation system with Chinese characteristics.

By 2020, research and development of society as a whole into account the proportion of gross domestic product to 2.5% more than the contribution rate of scientific and technological progress and strive to achieve more than 60 percent, reduce dependence on foreign technology to 30% below the annual national invention patents authorized person and Internationally a number of scientific papers are cited into the world's top five.

3. The overall deployment

 The next 15 years, our country's overall development of science and technology deployment: First, based on China's national conditions and needs, determine the number of priority areas, a number of major breakthroughs in key technologies, the ability to enhance the scientific and technological support. Determine the outline of the 11 national economic and social development of the priority areas and choose a clear mission, there is probably a technological breakthrough in the near future the 68 priority focus of the theme.Country are aimed at two objectives, the implementation of a number of major projects, the development by leaps and bounds, to fill the gaps. The total outline 16 major projects. Three is to deal with the challenges of the future, ahead of the deployment of cutting-edge technology and basic research, improve the ability to continuously innovate and lead economic and social development. Outline the focus of the field of eight cutting-edge technology 27, 18 basic science questions, and the implementation of four major scientific research program. Fourth, to deepen reform, improve the policy measures to increase investment in science and technology, strengthen the construction personnel, construction of a national innovation system for our country to enter the ranks of innovative countries to provide reliable protection.

 Building a well-off society in accordance with the urgency of demand, the world's scientific and technological development trends and China's national strength, we must grasp the strategic focus of scientific and technological development. First, the development of energy, water resources and give priority to environmental protection technology, determined to address the constraints of economic and social development of the major bottlenecks. Two is to seize the future upgrading of a number of years of information technology and the rapid development of new materials technology of the rare opportunity to acquire the equipment manufacturing industry and information industry, the core technology of their own intellectual property rights, improve our country as a breakthrough in industrial competitiveness. Third, put the future of biology and technology as the focus of high-tech industry to catch up, strengthening of biotechnology in agriculture, industry, population and health fields. Are four days and accelerate the development of marine technology space. Friday is to strengthen the basic science and cutting-edge technology research, especially interdisciplinary research.

 

Three areas of focus and priority themes

China's science and technology to develop, in co-ordinating the arrangements, on the basis of the overall advance of the subject areas of focus and priority for the planning and layout, to address the economic and social development of the pressing issues in the provision of comprehensive and effective support.

 Areas of focus is in the national economy, social development and national security the focus of development, need to provide support for science and technology industries and sectors. Priority topic is urgently needed in the areas of focus in the development of a clear mission, a good technical foundation, the recent technical group be able to break through. The principle of the priority themes identified: First, there is conducive to a breakthrough bottleneck, improve the capacity of sustainable economic development. Is beneficial to have two key technologies and common technologies, enhance the core competitiveness of industries. Three are in favor of science and technology to solve major public issues, enhance the capacity of public services. Fourth, there is conducive to the development of dual-use technology, enhance the ability to protect national security.

1 Energy

 Energy in the national economy is particularly important strategic position. China's current energy supply and demand contradiction, the irrational structure; energy use efficiency is low; a coal-dominated energy consumption, fossil energy consumption caused by a large number of serious environmental pollution. The next 15 years to meet the sustained and rapid growth of energy demand and energy efficient use of clean energy technology development challenges.

 Development: (1) adhere to the priority energy conservation, reducing energy consumption. Energy to overcome the main key areas of energy-saving technology, to actively develop energy-saving building technology, vigorously improve energy efficiency and end-use energy efficiency. (2) to promote diversification of energy mix, increase energy supply.In the oil and gas development and utilization of and enhance the technical level of water and electricity at the same time, to develop nuclear energy technology, nuclear power technology to form self-development capacity. Wind, solar, biomass and other renewable energy technologies and to achieve a breakthrough in large-scale applications. (3) to promote efficient use of clean coal, reduce environmental pollution. Vigorously develop coal clean, efficient and safe development and use of technology, and strive to reach the international advanced level. (4) to strengthen the introduction of energy technologies and equipment to digest, absorb and re-innovation. Advanced coal power capture, nuclear power and other major equipment manufacturers the core technology.(5) enhance regional optimal allocation of energy technological capabilities. Focuses on the development of safe and reliable power transmission and distribution of advanced technology, achieve high-capacity, long-distance, high-efficiency power transmission and distribution.

 Priority themes:

(1) industrial energy efficiency

The focus of the research and development of metallurgical and chemical process industries and transportation and other major fields of high energy consumption of energy-saving technologies and equipment, mechanical and electrical products of energy-saving technologies, energy efficient, long-life semiconductor lighting products, energy cascade utilization technology.

 (2) of coal development and utilization of clean and highly efficient, liquid and polygeneration

 Research and development focused on efficient coal mining technologies and supporting equipment, heavy-duty gas turbines, integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC), high parameters of ultra-supercritical generating units, supercritical circulating fluidized bed, such as high-performance large-scale power generation technology and equipment, and vigorously develop coal liquefaction and gas and chemical conversion technologies of coal to gas as co-production system based on technology, coal-fired pollution control and the use of the technology and equipment.

(3) the complexity of the geological exploration of oil and gas resources development and utilization of

Focuses on the development of complex formation lithology type of environment and oil and gas resources exploration technology, high-performance large-scale development of oil and gas resources in low-grade technology, significantly improve the old technology of oil recovery, exploration and exploitation of oil and gas resources underlying technology.

(4) renewable energy development and utilization of low-cost large-scale

 The focus of the research and development of large-scale wind power generation equipment, coastal and land-based wind farm and the western resource-intensive construction of wind energy technology and equipment, cost-effective solar photovoltaic cells and the use of technology, solar thermal power generation technology, building integrated solar power technologies, biomass energy and geothermal energy development and utilization of such technology.

(5) ultra-large-scale transmission and distribution and grid security

The focus of the research and development of large-capacity long-distance DC transmission technology and UHV AC transmission technology and equipment, intermittent power supply and transmission and distribution networks and technologies, power quality monitoring and control technology, large-scale interconnected power system security technology, the East West electricity transmission project the major key technologies, power grid dispatching automation technology, efficient distribution and supply of information technology and systems management.

2 Water and mineral resources

 Such as water and mineral resources are economic and social sustainable development, an important material foundation.China's water and a serious shortage of mineral resources such as; General low utilization rate of resources, comprehensive utilization of mining resources, the utilization rate of agricultural irrigation water is far lower than the world advanced level; exploration of complex geological conditions, increasing the difficulty. Urgent need to strengthen resources exploration, development and utilization of technology research, improve resource utilization.

 Development: (1) resource conservation priority insist. Focus on efficient water-saving agriculture and urban water use of technology, the development of inter-basin water transfer, desalination, such as rainwater utilization and water resources development and technology. (2) breakthrough in the complex geological conditions, the expansion of existing reserves. Focus on the laws of geological mineralization, the development of deep-mine evaluation of edge exploration technology and high-performance, complex conditions, such as the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau Express mineral exploration technology, efforts to find a number of large-scale back-up resource base, increase the supply of resources; development of mineral resources exploitation and utilization efficiency technology, improve water and mineral resources, comprehensive utilization rate. (3) a positive development and utilization of non-traditional resources. Coal-bed methane capture and marine mineral resources such as the development and utilization of new key technologies, improve resource utilization of new technology research and development capabilities. (4) to strengthen the resource exploration and development of innovative equipment. Actively develop high-precision exploration and drilling equipment, large-scale mining machinery, marine development platform, such as technology, resource exploration and development of major equipment to reach the international advanced level.

Priority themes:

 (6) optimizing the allocation of water resources development and utilization with the General

The focus of the research and development of atmospheric water, surface water, soil and groundwater into the mechanisms and optimize the allocation of technology, sewage, rainwater utilization of technology, artificial precipitation technology, the Yangtze River, Yellow River and other major rivers such as the comprehensive management and South-North Water Diversion major trans-basin water project management, such as the development of key technologies.

(7) General water-saving

 The focus of the research and development of industrial water recycling technology and the production of water-saving technology; the development of water-saving irrigation, water-saving and water-saving General biology techniques, focusing on breakthroughs in precision irrigation technology, intelligent agricultural water management technologies and equipment; strengthen livelihood Development of water-saving techniques and apparatus.

 (8) sea water desalination

 The focus of the research and development of water pre-treatment technology, nuclear energy coupling and electric hot water generation method, membrane desalination technology and the key to low-cost materials, technology, comprehensive utilization of concentrated brine; the development of large-scale application of thermal desalination equipment, seawater desalination equipment and Coupling together many key equipment.

 (9) resources reserve for exploration by

 Focus on mineral resources, metallogenic regularity and prediction technology, the development of aviation geophysical prospecting techniques, the development of high-resolution three-dimensional seismic, high-precision magnetic and geochemical Express, General and the depth of exploration technology.

 (10) and efficient development and utilization of mineral resources

 Focuses on the deep and complex technical and non-ore mining waste mining technology, the development of efficient automation selection new technology and large-scale equipment, the development of low-grade refractory resources and efficient use of complex technology, mineral resources, comprehensive utilization of technology.

 (11) and efficient development and utilization of marine resources

 The focus of the research and development of shallow hidden reservoir exploration technology and heavy oil enhanced oil recovery technology, exploitation of living marine resources protection and efficient use of technology, the development of technology and the direct use of sea water chemistry technology for comprehensive utilization of resources.

 (12) General Resources Division

 Focus on land and water resources and agricultural production, ecological and environmental protection technologies optimize the allocation of General to carry out regional water and land resources in China to match the spatial distribution of many variables, the regional analysis techniques to optimize the allocation of resources, set up water and soil resources in different regions to optimize the development of technology decision-making prediction model.

3.  Environment

 To improve the ecology and environment are related to economic and social sustainable development and improve the quality of life of the people on major issues. China's serious environmental pollution; exacerbate ecosystem degradation; handle the capacity of pollutants harmless low; global environmental issues have become the focus of attention of the international community, our country need to improve co-operation to participate in the capacity of global environmental change. Requirements at the overall state of the environment under the premise of improved achieve sustained and rapid economic growth, environmental science and technology innovation has made significant strategic needs.

Development: (1) to guide and support the development of circular economy. Heavily polluting industries make great efforts to develop integrated cleaner production technology, to strengthen waste reduction, resource utilization and safe disposal, to strengthen the development of circular economy of common technical studies. (2) the implementation of comprehensive management of the regional environment. Basin Water to carry out regional atmospheric environment and the comprehensive management of environmental pollution, degradation of the ecological functions of a typical District General training and demonstration of technology integration, development of drinking water safety and security technologies, as well as ecological and environmental monitoring and early warning technology, significantly improve the quality of the environment to improve the scientific and technological support capacity.  (3) to promote environmental protection industries. Focus on the major fit the national conditions of China environmental protection equipment and equipment made of environmentally friendly products to increase market share, improve the level of environmental protection equipment and technology. (4) actively participate in international environmental cooperation. Strengthen the global environmental conventions, performance measures and scientific uncertainties of climate change and its impact on research, development, monitoring of global environmental change and greenhouse gas emission reduction technology, to respond to environmental change and upgrading of performance ability.

 Priority themes:

(13) integrated pollution control and waste recycling

Focuses on the development of regional environmental quality monitoring and early warning technology, a breakthrough group of city air pollution control of key technologies, the development of non-conventional pollutant control technology, waste utilization technologies, heavily polluting industries integrated cleaner production technology, set up the technical development of circular economy model.

(14) ecologically fragile regional ecosystem restoration function

 Focuses on the development of the karst region, the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, the Yangtze River in the upper reaches of the Yellow River, the Loess Plateau, desertification and desertification areas, agriculture and animal husbandry ecotone and mineral mining area ecologically fragile areas such as the typical dynamics of the ecosystem monitoring techniques, grassland degradation and rodent control techniques, the degradation of ecosystem restoration and reconstruction, the Three Gorges Project, the Qinghai-Tibet railway line and major projects such as the complexity of ecological protection and restoration of mining technology, set up different types of ecosystem restoration and continuous improvement of technical support models, building a comprehensive assessment of ecosystem functions and the technical evaluation system.

(15) marine ecology and environmental protection

Focuses on the development of marine ecology and environmental monitoring technology and equipment to strengthen the marine ecology and environmental protection and technological research and development of coastal waters of the ecological and environmental protection, restoration and marine emergency treatment technology, a dynamic environment to develop high-precision numerical ocean forecasting techniques.

(16) global environmental change monitoring and response

The focus of the research and development of accurate large-scale environmental change monitoring technology, the main industry of carbon dioxide, methane and other greenhouse gas emissions control and disposition of the use of technology, bio-carbon sequestration carbon sequestration technology and engineering, as well as climate change, biodiversity protection, ozone layer protection , persistent organic pollutants control countermeasures.

4 Agriculture

 Agriculture is the foundation of the national economy. Hard constraints of our natural resources continue to enhance the per capita arable land and water resources was significantly lower than the world average; grain, cotton and other major agricultural products were rigid demand growth, agricultural production and farmers income and enhanced the competitiveness of agricultural products will exist for a long stress; agricultural structure is irrational, the level of industrial development and low value-added agricultural products; ecological and environmental situation is still grim, serious constraints to sustainable agricultural development; food security, ecological security problems. China's basic national conditions and challenges facing, the decision must be put scientific and technological progress to solve the "three rural" issue is a fundamental measures to improve the level of agricultural science and technology, increase the promotion of advanced and applicable technologies, and breakthroughs in the resource constraints, agriculture continued to improve production capacity, accelerate the pace of construction of modern agriculture.

 Development: (1) Driven by high-tech upgrade of conventional agricultural technology, comprehensive agricultural production capacity continued to improve.Focus on applied research in biotechnology to enhance agricultural technology integration and support, the major breakthrough in crop breeding and high-performance production, livestock breeding and health of aquatic breeding and disease control of key technologies, the development of agricultural diversification and complex operations, to ensure that the continued increase in production at the same time to improve the quality of agricultural products. (2) to extend the agricultural industrial chain and promote the industrialization of agriculture and the overall efficiency of agriculture increased across the board.Focus on the development of intensive processing of agricultural products, post-natal impairment and green supply chain of key technology industries, develop agro-processing equipment, advanced technology and security monitoring technology, the development of health food-oriented agricultural product processing industry and modern retailers to expand the space peasant income. (3) the comprehensive development of agriculture, forestry, eco-technology, agriculture, forestry, protection of ecological security. Focuses on the development of environment-friendly fertilizers and pesticides to create technical and precise operation of technical equipment, the development of agricultural and forestry residues utilization technology, environmental remediation and agricultural technology, to promote the development of new industries of agriculture, ecological agriculture, forestry, improve the quality of the environment. (4) factory to actively develop agriculture, improve labor productivity in agriculture.Focus on agri-environmental regulation, high-performance super high-yielding cultivation of agricultural technology and other facilities, development of modern multi-functional double-agricultural machinery, agricultural application of information technology integration.

Priority themes:

(17) germplasm resources to explore, preserve and innovation and to cultivate new varieties of orientation

The main focus of the research and development of crops, trees and grass, livestock and aquatic germplasm resources to explore the fine and the construction of technology, germplasm evaluation techniques of molecular, animal and plant breeding techniques and molecular breeding technology oriented, large-scale seed production, seed breeding technology and General processing technology.

(18) aquatic animal health and disease prevention and control of culture

The focus of the research and development of high quality and efficiency of feed safety and health of large-scale farming techniques and facilities to create high-performance specific vaccines, veterinary drugs and the safe and efficient equipment, development of animal disease and zoonosis of animal origin early warning and monitoring of the epidemiology, diagnosis and quarantine immune control, and eradication of regional purification technology, a breakthrough offshore shoals, shallow waters and freshwater aquaculture farming technology, the development of offshore fishing and marine processing technology and equipment storage.

(19) intensive processing of agricultural products and modern storage and transportation

The main focus of the research and development of agriculture, forestry, agricultural and resource intensive products and a clean eco-processing technology and equipment, grain and oil storage and transportation of postpartum impairment and green technology and facilities, preservation of fresh agricultural products and logistics and distribution and the corresponding technology of cold-chain transport system.

 (20) General agriculture, forestry, development and utilization of biomass

 The focus of the research and development of efficient, low-cost, large-scale cultivation of agriculture, forestry, biomass, collection and transformation of key technologies, biogas, liquid fuels, such as curing and biology-based biomass energy as well as new materials and chemical products, such as the production of key technologies, garbage and sewage in rural areas Utilization of technology, the development of independent intellectual property rights of the gas station equipment, new materials, biology-based equipment.

 (21) agriculture, forestry, ecological security and modern forestry

 Research and development focused on the ecological system of agriculture, forestry, technology, integrated ecosystem of trees and grass control technology, forest and grassland fires, agriculture, forestry, plant diseases and insect pests, especially the invasion of alien organisms, such as weather disasters, ecological disasters and monitoring and control of technology, eco-economic sustainable management of forest products technology, artificial grass planting and efficient technology and high-quality grass production technology, development of environment-friendly wood-based composite materials technology.

(22) environment-friendly fertilizers, pesticides and the creation of eco-agriculture

The focus of the research and development of environment-friendly fertilizers and pesticides create a key technology, exclusive complex (mixed)-type release, controlled release fertilizers and fertilizer technology and related equipment, integrated, efficient, durable, safe pest control technologies, set up early warning detection of harmful organisms and guard against alien invasion system; development to improve soil fertility, reduce soil pollution, soil erosion and degradation of grassland-based restore ecological functions of agricultural technologies.

 (23) multi-purpose agricultural equipment and facilities

 The focus of the research and development of suitable multi-functional characteristics of China's agricultural homework key equipment, agriculture, forestry, economic power machinery, intelligent positioning homework variable breeding facilities, machinery and health technology and equipment, conservation tillage machinery and technology, greenhouse facilities and related equipment.

 (24) Precision agriculture and information technology operations

 The focus of the research and development of animal and plant growth and the ecological environment of digital information acquisition, real-time detection of light and heat the soil water and fertilizer technology, precision operation and management of technology systems, digital remote rural areas, visual information services technology and equipment, agriculture, forestry, ecosystem monitoring technology and virtual agriculture technology.

 (25) Modern Milk

 Research and development focus on cultivating high-quality bull and cow embryos Rapid industrialization of technology, dedicated dairy feed, forage and efficient use of plant, disease prevention and large-scale breeding and management techniques, the development of dairy processing technology and equipment.

5.  Manufacturing

 The manufacturing sector are the main pillars of the national economy. My country is the world's manufacturing power, but not the power to create; weak basic manufacturing technology, innovation is not strong; mainly low-end products; manufacturing process resources, energy consumption, serious pollution.

 Development: (1) improve equipment design, manufacture and integration capabilities. To promote technological innovation as the breakthrough point, through technical research, the basic realization of high-end CNC machine tools, machine tool, a significant set of technical equipment, the key materials and key parts of their own design and manufacture.(2)积极发展绿色制造。 (2) a positive development of green manufacturing.加快相关技术在材料与产品开发设计、加工制造、销售服务及回收利用等产品全生命周期中的应用,形成高效、节能、环保和可?­环的新型制造工艺。 Materials related technologies to accelerate the design and product development, processing, manufacturing, sales, service and recycling of products such as life-cycle of applications, the formation of high-performance, energy saving, environmental protection and recycling new manufacturing process.制造业资源消耗、环境负荷水平进入国际先进行列。 Manufacturing resource consumption, environmental load to enter the international advanced level.(3)用高新技术改造和提升制造业。 (3) to transform and upgrade high-tech manufacturing.大力推进制造业信息化,积极发展基础?­材料,大幅度提高产品档次、技术含量和附加值,全面提升制造业整体技术水平。 Vigorously push forward the information manufacturing industry, and actively develop the basic raw materials, a significant upgrade products, technological content and added value to enhance the overall technical level of the manufacturing sector.

优先主题: Priority themes:

((26) pieces of basic and generic components

The focus of the research and development of major equipment items required for the key basic and common parts of the design, manufacture and production of key technologies, development of large and special parts and components forming and processing technology, universal design and manufacture of components of technology and high-precision instrumentation.

(27) figure and intelligent design and manufacture

Focuses on the design and manufacture of integrated digital technology, set up a number of industry products and intelligent digital design and manufacturing platform.开发面向产品全生命周期的、网络环境下的数字化、 Product development for the entire life cycle, the digital network environment, intelligence innovative design methods and techniques, computer-aided engineering analysis and process design technology, design, manufacture and management of integration technology.

(28) of the green industrial processes, automation and equipment

The focus of the research and development of green manufacturing processes, efficient use of resources and clean technology, processes and equipment, the corresponding amplification process, based on the concept of eco-industrial system integration and automation technology, the necessary flow of industrial sensors, intelligent control technology Detected , equipment and control systems. The development of large-scale cracking furnace technology, large-scale steam cracker ethylene production technology and complete sets of equipment, energy-efficient large-scale fertilizer production process and equipment.

(29)可?­环钢铁流程工艺与装备 (29) can be recycled steel flow technology and equipment

重点研究开发 Focus on the development of smelting reduction and optimal use of resources based on set manufacturers, energy conversion and waste recycling society three main functions of the new generation of flow can be recycled iron and steel, as a typical model of circular economy.The development of secondary resources recycling technology, and metallurgical processes of low calorific value gas and steam power generation steps use of technology, high efficiency, low-cost clean steel production technology, non-adhesion coking coal technology, a large plate continuous casting machine, and rolling units integrated design, manufacturing coupling technology and systems.

 (30) large-scale ocean engineering technology and equipment

(31) basic raw materials

重? Research and development focused on industrial development to meet the basic needs of the national economy, high-performance composite materials and large, very large parts of the preparation of composite structure technology, high-performance engineering plastics, light metals and inorganic non-metallic high-strength structural materials, high purity materials, rare earth materials, petrochemicals, fine chemicals and catalysis, separation of materials, textile materials and the application of technology, environmental protection and healthy function with a green material.

(32) a new generation of functional materials and device information

(33) military support of key materials and engineering

6 Transportation

Transport are the lifeline of the national economy.At present, China's major transport equipment and the level of core technology and the world there is a big gap between the advanced level; lack of transport supply capacity; integrated transport system lags behind, and the lack of integrated and coordinated way traffic; transport energy consumption and serious environmental pollution problem.Building a well-off society of the higher demands of transport, traffic technology faces major strategic needs.

 Development: (1) improve the aircraft, automotive, marine, rail transportation equipment, such as the ability of independent innovation.(2) to provide a smooth, user-friendly and convenient transport services as the core, to strengthen the overall planning, development of transport systems and intelligent information technology, security, high-speed transport technology, transport network capacity and improve transport efficiency, implementation of traffic information were and a variety of ways to enjoy the effective convergence of traffic and enhance traffic operation and management of the technical level, to develop an integrated transport system.(3) to promote transport to the energy saving, environmental protection and more secure development, transportation safety and security, conservation of natural resources and environmental protection a major breakthrough in key technology and widely used. (4) around the country a major transport infrastructure, construction and maintenance of the key breakthroughs in technology, improve the quality of construction and lower life-cycle costs.

     Priority themes:

(34) transport infrastructure construction and maintenance technology and equipment

 The focus of the research and development of rail transportation, cross the Gulf routes, off-shore deep-water port, major airports, major bridges and tunnels, integrated three-dimensional transport hub, the deep-sea oil and gas pipelines and other transport infrastructure difficult construction and maintenance of key technologies and equipment.

 (35) high-speed rail transit system

 The focus of the research and development of high-speed rail traffic control and speed control system, vehicle manufacturing, construction and systems integration lines, etc., to form complete sets of technology systems. Operation of the pilot projects carried out to grasp the operational control, line construction and system integration technology.

(36) low power and new energy automobiles

 The focus of the research and development of hybrid vehicles, alternative fuel vehicles and fuel cell vehicle design, integration and manufacturing technology, system integration and power control technologies, automotive computing platform technology, high-performance low-emission internal combustion engine, fuel cell engines, battery power, drive motors, etc. key components of technology, new energy, the experimental test vehicle and infrastructure technology.

 (37) efficient transport technology and equipment

The focus of the research and development of heavy trains, high-powered motorcycle, special heavy-duty vehicles, urban rail transport, large-scale high-tech ships, fishing vessels and large ocean-going marine research vessel, such as, multi-purpose general aviation aircraft at low altitude, high-viscosity crude oil and multiphase flow pipeline new means of delivery such as delivery systems.

 (38) Intelligent Transportation Management System

 Focuses on the development of an integrated transportation information platform and information resource-sharing technology, modern logistics technologies, urban traffic management systems, smart technology and a new generation of automotive air traffic management system.

(39) transportation security and emergency support

Focuses on the development of early warning to prevent traffic accidents, emergency treatment technologies, the development of active and passive means of transport security, transport Accident Reconstruction technology, transportation systems and rapid response search and rescue techniques.

7 Information industry and modern service industry

The development of information industry and modern service industries are the key to promote new-type industrialization. National economy and information society and the rapid development of modern service industry, information technology development on a higher demand.

Development: (1) The information industry development constraints breakthrough core technology to master the key components of integrated circuits and large-scale software, high-performance computing, broadband wireless mobile communication, next generation core network technology, self-development capacity and improve the overall technological level of .(2) to enhance the integration of information technology products, innovation, and improve the level of design and manufacturing, focusing on information technology products to solve the scalability, ease of use and low-cost problem, the development of new technologies and new business, improve the competitiveness of information industry.(3) to the application of demand-driven, integrated innovation and strengthen the development of modern service industry to support and promote the development of key technologies and products, promote the transformation of traditional industries and technological upgrading. (4) in order to develop high credibility of the network, focusing on the development of network information security technology and related products, information security technology set up security system, with a variety of information security to guard against unforeseen technological capabilities of the case.

 Priority themes:

 (40) modern service industry and information technology to support large-scale applications

 The focus of the research and development of financial services, logistics, online education, media, medical, tourism, e-government and e-commerce area of modern service industry development of the high credibility of the network and software platform to support large-scale application software, middleware, embedded software, Net Grid computing platforms and infrastructure, software systems integration and other key technologies to provide comprehensive solutions.

(41) the key to next-generation network technologies and services

 Focuses on the development of high-performance core network equipment and transmission equipment, access equipment, as well as scalability, security, mobility, quality of service, operation and management of key areas such as technology, set up a credible network management system, the development of intelligent terminals and home network such as equipment and systems to support multimedia, network computing, such as broadband, security, at a variety of pan and application of new business.

(42) the credibility of high-performance computer

 Focus on the concept of the development of advanced computing methods and theories, to develop a new concept-based, with more than 1000 trillion floating-point-per-second computing power and the credibility of the super-efficient computer systems, a new generation of server systems, development of new architecture, mass storage, fault-tolerant systems, such as key technologies.

(43) Sensor Networks and Intelligent Information Processing

Focuses on the development of a variety of new sensors and advanced automatic identification bar code, RF tag, information-based intelligent multi-sensor information processing technology, the development of low-cost sensor networks and real-time information processing systems, provide more convenient, more powerful information service platform and the environment.

(44) digital media platform

 Focuses on the development of culture and entertainment-oriented consumer market, and radio and television undertakings, to visual, audio information services as the main key to deal with digital media technology, the development of easy interaction and exchange, with copyright protection functions and easy to manage the content of modern media platform General information.

(45) high-definition large-screen flat panel display

重点发展高清晰度大屏幕显示产品,开发有机发光显示、场致发射显示、激光显示等各种平板和投影显示技术,建立平板显示材料与器件产业链。 Focus on the development of high-definition large-screen display products, the development of organic light-emitting display, field emission display, laser display and other flat-panel and projection display technology, flat panel display materials and set up the industrial chain of devices.

(46)面向核心应用的信息安全 (46) for the core application of information security

重点研究开发国家基础信息网络和重要信息系统中的安全保障技术,开发复杂大系统下的网络生存、主动实时防护、安全存储、网络病毒防范、恶意攻击防范、网络信任体系与新的密码技术等。 Focus on basic research and development of information networks and National Key information system security technology, the development of complex networks under large-scale systems to survive, active real-time protection, security, storage, network virus prevention, to prevent malicious attacks, network trust system and a new password technology .

8. 8.人口与健康 Demographic and Health

稳定低生育水平,提高出生人口素质,有效防治重大疾病,是建设和谐社会的必然要求。 Stabilize the low birth rate, improve the quality of birth population, effective prevention and treatment of major diseases, construction of a harmonious society is an inevitable requirement.控制人口数量,提高人口质量和全民健康水平,迫切需要科技提供强有力支撑。 Control population quantity and improve population quality and the level of national health, there is an urgent need to provide strong support for science and technology.

发展思路:(1)控制人口出生数量,提高出生人口质量。 Development: (1) birth control population quantity, improve the quality of birth population.重点发展生育监测、生殖健康等关键技术,开发系列生殖医药、器械和保健产品,为人口数量控制在15亿以内、出生缺陷率低于3%提供有效科技保障。 Monitoring focus on the development of fertility, reproductive health and other key technologies, development of series of reproductive medicine, equipment and health products, in order to control population quantity of 15 million less than the rate of birth defects is lower than 3% of Technology to provide effective protection.(2)疾病防治重心前移,坚持预防为主、促进健康和防治疾病结合。 (2) center of gravity forward for Disease Control and Prevention, insist prevention, health promotion and disease prevention and treatment combination.研究预防和早期诊断关键技术,显著提高重大疾病诊断和防治能力。 Research on prevention and early diagnosis of the key technology, significantly improve the diagnosis and prevention of major diseases capacity.(3)加强中医药继承和创新,推进中医药现代化和国际化。 (3) strengthening the inheritance and innovation of Chinese medicine, Chinese medicine to promote the modernization and internationalization.以中医药理论传承和发展为基础,通过技术创新与多学科融合,丰富和发展中医药理论,构建适合中医药特点的技术方法和标准规范体系,提高临床疗效,促进中医药产业的健康发展。 Chinese medical theory is based on heritage and development, through technical innovation and multi-disciplinary integration, enrichment and development of Chinese medicine theory, suitable to build characteristics of Chinese medicine techniques and standards system, and improve clinical efficacy and promote the healthy development of the pharmaceutical industry.(4)研制重大新药和先进医疗设备。 (4) the development of major new drugs and advanced medical equipment.攻克新药、大型医疗器械、医用材料和释药系统创制关键技术,加快建立并完善国家医药创制技术平台,推进重大新药和医疗器械的自主创新。 Capture of new drugs, medical equipment, medical materials and key technologies to create drug delivery systems to accelerate the country set up and perfect the technology platform to create medicine and promoting major new drugs and medical equipment innovation.

优先主题: Priority themes:

(47)安全避孕节育与出生缺陷防治 (47) safe contraception and birth defects prevention and treatment of birth control

重点开发安全、有效避孕节育新技术和产品以及兼顾预防性传播疾病的节育新技术,高效无创出生缺陷早期筛查、检测及诊断技术,遗传疾病生物治疗技术等。 Focuses on the development of safe and effective contraception, as well as new technologies and products that take into account the prevention of sexually transmitted diseases, birth control new technologies, birth defects and efficient non-invasive early screening, detection and diagnostic techniques, genetic diseases, such as biological treatment.

(48)心脑血管病、肿瘤等重大非传染疾病防治 (48) cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease, tumor and other major non-communicable diseases prevention and control

重点研究开发心脑血管病、肿瘤等重大疾病早期预警和诊断、疾病危险因素早期干预等关键技术,研究规范化、个性化和综合治疗关键技术与方案。 Research and development focused on cardio-cerebral vascular diseases, cancer and other major early warning and diagnosis of disease, disease risk factors in key technologies, such as early intervention, research standardized, personalized and comprehensive treatment of key technologies and programs.

(49)城乡社区常见多发病防治 (49) common in urban and rural communities frequently-occurring disease prevention and control

重点研究开发常见病和多发病的监控、预防、诊疗和康复技术,小型诊疗和移动式医疗服务装备,远程诊疗和技术服务系统。 The focus of the research and development of common diseases and frequently-occurring disease surveillance, prevention, treatment and rehabilitation technology, small clinics and mobile medical services and equipment, remote clinics and technical services.

(50)中医药传承与创新发展 (50) tradition and innovation in the development of Chinese medicine

重点开展中医基础理论创新及中医?­验传承与挖掘,研究中医药诊疗、评价技术与标准,发展现代中药研究开发和生产制造技术,有效保护和合理利用中药资源,加强中医药知识产权保护研究和国际合作平台建设。 Focus on innovation in traditional Chinese medicine and Chinese medicine basic theory of memory and mining, are studying Chinese medicine clinics, evaluation of technology and standards, the development of modern traditional Chinese medicine research and development and production of manufacturing technology, the effective protection and rational use of traditional Chinese medicine resources, to strengthen protection of intellectual property rights of Chinese medicine research and international cooperation platform.

(51)先进医疗设备与生物医用材料 (51) advanced medical equipment and biomedical materials

重点开发新型治疗和常规诊疗设备,数字化医疗技术、个体化医疗工程技术及设备,研究纳米生物药物释放系统和组织工程等技术,开发人体组织器官替代等新型生物医用材料。 Focuses on the development of new treatment and conventional diagnostic equipment, digital medical technology, and individual works of medical technology and equipment to study the biology of nano drug delivery systems and tissue engineering techniques, the development of human tissues and organs such as the new alternative to biomedical materials.

9. 9.城镇化与城市发展 Urbanization and Urban Development

我国已进入快速城镇化时期。 Our country has entered a period of rapid urbanization.实现城镇化和城市?­调发展,对科技提出迫切需求。 Urbanization and realize the coordinated development of city, to the urgent needs of science and technology.

发展思路:(1)以城镇区域科学规划为重点,促进城乡合理布局和科学发展。 Development: (1) cities and towns in the region focus on scientific planning, and promote rational distribution and scientific development in urban and rural areas.发展现代城镇区域规划关键技术及动态监控技术,实现城镇发展规划与区域?­济规划的有机结合、与区域资源环境承载能力的相互?­调。 The development of modern urban regional planning and dynamic monitoring of key technologies technology, urban development planning and implementation of regional economic planning, the organic combination of resources and the environment and regional co-ordination between the load-bearing capacity.(2)以节能和节水为先导,发展资源节约型城市。 (2) energy conservation and water conservation as the guide, the development of resource-saving city.突破城市综合节能和新能源合理开发利用技术,开发资源节约型、高耐久性绿色建材,提高城市资源和能源利用效率。 Breakthrough in the city's comprehensive energy conservation and rational development and utilization of new energy technologies, development of resource-saving, high-durability of green building materials, city resources and improve the efficiency of energy use.(3)加强信息技术应用,提高城市综合管理水平。 (3) to strengthen the application of information technology, improve the level of city management.开发城市数字一体化管理技术,建立城市高效、多功能、一体化综合管理技术体系。 The development of integrated management of digital city technology, city set up efficient, multi-functional, integrated system management technologies.(4)发展城市生态人居环境和绿色建筑。 (4) the development of eco-city living environment and green building.发展城市污水、垃圾等废弃物无害化处理和资源化利用技术,开发城市居住区和室内环境改善技术,显著提高城市人居环境质量。 The development of urban sewage, garbage and other waste disposal and resource-friendly use of technology, the development of urban residential areas and indoor environmental improvement technology, significantly improve the quality of city living environment.

优先主题: Priority themes:

(52)城镇区域规划与动态监测 (52) cities and towns of regional planning and dynamic monitoring

重点研究开发各类区域城镇空间布局规划和系统设计技术,城镇区域基础设施和公共服务设施规划设计、一体化配置与共享技术,城镇区域规划与人口、资源、环境、?­济发展互动模拟预测和动态监?獾燃际酢? Focuses on the development of all types of regional urban spatial planning and system design technology, cities and towns of regional infrastructure and public services and facilities planning and design, integration, configuration and sharing of technology, urban regional planning, population, resources, environment, economic development and dynamic interactive simulation prediction monitoring technology.

(53)城市功能提升与空间节约利用 (53) to enhance urban functions and economical use of space

重点研究开发城市综合交通、城市公交优先智能管理、市政基础设施、防灾减灾等综合功能提升技术,城市“热岛”效应形成机制与人工调控技术,土地勘测和资源节约利用技术,城市发展和空间形态变化模拟预测技术,城市地下空间开发利用技术等。 General focus of the research and development of city transport, urban public transport priority intelligent management, municipal infrastructure, comprehensive functions, such as disaster prevention and mitigation to upgrade their skills, urban "heat island" effect of the formation mechanism and the artificial control technology, land surveying and resource-saving technology, urban development and spatial Analog morphology prediction technology, the development and utilization of urban underground space technology.

(54)建筑节能与绿色建筑 (54) and green building energy saving building

重点研究开发绿色建筑设计技术,建筑节能技术与设备,可再生能源装置与建筑一体化应用技术,精致建造和绿色建筑施工技术与装备,节能建材与绿色建材,建筑节能技术标准。 The focus of the research and development of green building design technology, building energy-saving technologies and equipment, renewable energy devices and building integrated applications, sophisticated construction and green building construction technology and equipment, energy-saving building materials and green building materials, building standards for energy-saving technologies.

(55)城市生态居住环境质量保障 (55) Eco-town quality of living environment protection

重点研究开发室内污染物监测与净化技术,发展城市环境生态调控技术,城市垃圾资源化利用技术,城市水?­环利用技术与设备,城市与城镇群污染防控技术,居住区最小排放集成技术,生态居住区智能化管理技术。 The focus of the research and development of indoor pollutants monitoring and purification technology, the development of urban environmental and ecological control technology, the use of city garbage technology resources, urban water use technologies and equipment, city and town group of pollution prevention and control technology, emissions from residential areas the minimum integration technology, eco-living District of intelligent management techniques.

(56)城市信息平台 (56) town information platform

重点研究开发城市网络化基础信息共享技术,城市基础数据获取与更新技术,城市多元数据整合与挖掘技术,城市多维建模与模拟技术,城市动态监测与应用关键技术,城市网络信息共享标准规范,城市应急和联动服务关键技术。 Research and development focused on basic city information-sharing network technology, urban infrastructure and updating of data acquisition technology, multi-city data integration and mining techniques, multi-dimensional city modeling and simulation technology, dynamic city with the application of key technologies for monitoring, information sharing network of city standards, emergency and city services to key technology linkage.

10. 10.公共安全 Public Safety

公共安全是国家安全和社会稳定的基石。 National security and public safety are the cornerstone of social stability.我国公共安全面临严峻挑战,对科技提出重大战略需求。 Public safety challenges facing our country, to make major strategic technology needs.

发展思路:(1)加强对突发公共事件快速反应和应急处置的技术支持。 Development: (1) to strengthen the case of public emergency rapid response and technical support to deal with emergencies.以信息、智能化技术应用为先导,发展国家公共安全多功能、一体化应急保障技术,形成科学预测、有效防控与高效应急的公共安全技术体系。 To information, the application of intelligent technology as the guide, the development of multi-country public safety, emergency support integration technology, a scientific prediction, effective and efficient prevention and control of emergency public safety technology systems.(2)提高早期发现与防范能力。 (2) enhance the capacity of early detection and prevention.重点研究煤矿等生产事故、突发社会安全事件和自然灾害、核安全及生物安全等的监测、预警、预防技术。 Focus on the production of coal mine accidents, sudden case of social security and natural disasters, nuclear safety and bio-security monitoring, early warning, prevention technologies.(3)增强应急救护综合能力。 (3) enhance the capacity of the emergency ambulance General.重点研究煤矿灾害、重大火灾、突发性重大自然灾害、危险化学品泄漏、群体性中毒等应急救援技术。 Focus on coal mine disasters, major fires, sudden natural disasters, hazardous chemical spills, such as mass poisoning emergency rescue techniques.(4)加快公共安全装备现代化。 (4) to speed up the modernization of public safety equipment.开发保障生产安全、食品安全、生物安全及社会安全等公共安全重大装备和系列防护产品,促进相关产业快速发展。 The development of the protection of production safety, food safety, biological safety and security of society, such as a major public safety protection equipment and family products, to promote the rapid development of related industries.

优先主题: Priority themes:

(57)国家公共安全应急信息平台 (57) National emergency information platform for public safety

重点研究全方位无障?­危险源探测监测、精确定位和信息?袢〖际酰喑叨榷畔⒎治龃砗陀呕霾呒际酰乙惶寤舶踩本霾咧富悠教杉际醯龋菇ü夜舶踩缙诩嗖狻⒖焖僭ぞ敫咝Тχ靡惶寤本霾咧富悠教ā? Focus on detecting the source of dangerous all-round barrier-free monitoring, precise positioning and access to information technology, multi-scale analysis of dynamic information and optimize the treatment decision-making technology, the state public safety emergency response decision-making command integration platform technology, building a national public safety early detection, rapid efficient disposal of the integration of early warning and emergency command platform for decision-making.

(58)重大生产事故预警与救援 (58) significant production of early warning and rescue incidents

重点研究开发矿井瓦斯、突水、动力性灾害预警与防控技术,开发燃烧、爆炸、毒物泄漏等重大工业事故防控与救援技术及相关设备。 The focus of the research and development of coal mine gas, process water, power and disaster early warning and prevention and control technology, the development of combustion, explosion, toxic spill prevention and control of major industrial accidents and rescue technology and related equipment.

(59)食品安全与出入境检验检疫 (59) food security and entry-exit inspection and quarantine

重点研究食品安全和出入境检验检疫风险评估、污染物溯源、安全标准制定、有效监测检测等关键技术,开发食物污染防?刂悄芑际鹾透咄考煅榧煲甙踩嗫丶际酢? Focus on food security and entry-exit inspection and quarantine risk assessment, pollution source, security standards and effective monitoring of key detection technology, the development of food contamination prevention and control of intelligent high-throughput technology and security monitoring technology, Inspection and Quarantine.

(60)突发公共事件防范与快速处置 (60) to guard against sudden and rapid public case disposal

重点研究开发个体生物特征识别、物证溯源、快速筛查与证实技术以及模拟预测技术,远程定位跟踪、实时监控、隔物辨识与快速处置技术及装备,高层和地下建筑消防技术与设备,爆炸物、毒品等违禁品与核生化恐怖源的远程探测技术与装备,以及现场处置防护技术与装备。 The focus of the research and development of biometric identification of individual, material traceability, rapid screening and confirmed the prediction technology, and simulation technology, remote location tracking, real-time monitoring, and rapid identification of the following materials and equipment and disposal technologies, high-rise building and underground fire technology and equipment, explosives , drugs and other contraband nuclear, biological and chemical terrorism and the source of long-range detection technology and equipment, and on-site disposal technology and equipment protection.

(61)生物安全保障 (61) bio-security

重点研究快速、灵敏、特异监测与探测技术,化学毒剂在体内代谢产物检测技术,新型高效消毒剂和快速消毒技术,滤毒防护技术,危险传播媒介鉴别与防治技术,生物入侵防控技术,用于应对突发生物事件的疫苗及免疫佐剂、抗毒素与药物等。 Focus on rapid, sensitive and specific monitoring and detection technology, chemical agents in vivo metabolite detection technology, the new disinfectant highly effective and rapid disinfection technology,滤毒protection technology, the risk identification and control of media technology, bio-intrusion prevention and control technology, with in case of biology dealing with vaccines and immune adjuvants, anti-toxins and drugs.

(62)重大自然灾害监测与防御 (62) major natural disaster monitoring and prevention

重点研究开发地震、台风、暴雨、洪水、地质灾害等监测、预警和应急处置关键技术,?­林火灾、溃坝、决堤险情等重大灾害的监测预警技术以及重大自然灾害综合风险分析评估技术。 Research and development focus on earthquakes, typhoons, rainstorms, floods, geological disasters, such as monitoring, early warning and emergency disposal of key technologies, forest fires, dam-break, the Levees Broke danger of major disasters, such as early-warning monitoring technologies, as well as a major natural disaster risk analysis assessment techniques.

11. 11.国防 Defense

 

Four major special

历史上,我国以“两弹一星”、载人航天、杂交水稻等?淼娜舾芍卮笙钅康氖凳哉逄嵘酆瞎ζ鸬搅酥凉刂匾淖饔谩? Historically, our country of "two bombs and one satellite", manned space flight, such as hybrid rice, as represented by the implementation of a number of major projects, upgrade the overall comprehensive national strength has played a crucial role.美国、欧洲、日本、韩国等都把围绕国家目标组织实施重大专项计划作为提高国家竞争力的重要措施。 The United States, Europe, Japan, South Korea, and other organizations all around the country aim to implement major projects planned to improve national competitiveness as an important measure.

本纲要在重点领域中确定一批优先主题的同时,围绕国家目标,进一步突出重点,筛选出若干重大战略产品、关键共性技术或重大工程作为重大专项,充分发挥社会主义制度集中力量办大事的优势和市场机制的作用,力争取得突破,努力实现以科技发展的局部跃升带动生产力的跨越发展,并填补国家战略空白。 The outline priority areas in a number of priority themes identified at the same time, around the country aim to further highlight the focal points, selected a number of major strategic products, key technologies, as major projects or major projects, the socialist system and give full play to the advantage of focusing on doing big things and the role of market mechanisms, to achieve a breakthrough in efforts to achieve local development of science and technology-led productivity jumped by leaps and bounds, and to fill gaps in the national strategy.确定重大专项的基本?­则:一是紧密结合?­济社会发展的重大需求,培育能形成具有核心自主知识产权、对企业自主创新能力的提高具有重大推动作用的战略性产业;二是突出对产业竞争力整体提升具有全局性影响、带动性强的关键共性技术;三是解决制约?­济社会发展的重大瓶颈问题;四是体现军民结合、寓军于民,对保障国家安全和增强综合国力具有重大战略意义;五是切合我国国情,国力能够承受。 Major projects to determine the basic principles: First, in close connection with the major economic and social development needs, fostering can form the core of their own intellectual property rights, the ability of independent innovation of enterprises enhance the role of great strategic industries; are two highlights of the industrial competitiveness enhance the overall impact of the overall situation has brought the key to strong common technology; three to address the constraints are the major economic and social development bottlenecks; combination of four soldiers are reflected, put the armed forces, and to the protection of national security and strengthen the comprehensive national strength is of great strategic significance ; five are to meet our country's national conditions and national strength can bear.根据上述?­则,围绕发展高新技术产业、促进传统产业升级、解决国民?­济发展瓶颈问题、提高人民健康水平和保障国家安全等方面,确定了一批重大专项。 According to the above principles, focusing on the development of high-tech industries, promote the upgrading of traditional industries to solve the bottleneck problem of national economic development, improve the health of the people and the protection of national security, etc., to identify a number of major projects.重大专项的实施,根据国家发展需要和实施条件的成熟程度,逐项论证启动。 The implementation of major projects, in accordance with national development and implementation of necessary conditions for the degree of maturity, one argument to start.同时,根据国家战略需求和发展形势的变化,对重大专项进行动态调整,分步实施。 At the same time, in accordance with national needs and development strategies for the changing situation, the dynamic adjustment of major projects, step-by-step implementation.对于以战略产品为目标的重大专项,要充分发挥企业在研究开发和投入中的主体作用,以重大装备的研究开发作为企业技术创新的切入点,更有效地利用市场机制配置科技资源,国家的引导性投入主要用于关键核心技术的攻关。 Strategic products for significant special aim, it is necessary to give full play to the enterprise and investment in research and development in the main role in the research and development of major equipment as the entry point for enterprises in technological innovation, more effective use of market mechanisms to allocate IT resources, the country leading into the main key to the core technology for the research.

重大专项是为了实现国家目标,通过核心技术突破和资源集成,在一定时限内完成的重大战略产品、关键共性技术和重大工程,是我国科技发展的重中之重。 Major projects are in order to achieve national goals, through the core of technological breakthroughs and resources integration, the time limit must be completed at the major strategic products, key technologies and major works are the most important technological development of our country.《规划纲要》确定了核心电子器件、高端通用芯片及基础软件,极大规模集成电路制造技术及成套工艺,新一代宽带无线移动通信,高档数控机床与基础制造技术,大型油气田及煤层气开发,大型先进压水堆及高温气冷堆核电站,水体污染控制与治理,转基因生物新品种培育,重大新药创制,艾滋病和病毒性肝炎等重大传染病防治,大型飞机,高分辨率对地观测系统,载人航天与探月工程等16个重大专项,涉及信息、生物等战略产业领域,能源资源环境和人民健康等重大紧迫问题,以及军民两用技术和国防技术。 "Outline planning" to identify the core electron devices, high-end general chips and basic software, a great scale integrated circuit manufacturing technology and complete sets of technology, a new generation of broadband wireless mobile communication, high-end CNC machine tools and basic manufacturing technology, large-scale oil and gas fields and coal-bed methane development, large-scale advanced pressurized water reactor and high temperature gas cooled reactor nuclear power plants, water pollution control and management, new varieties of GMO cultivation, creation of major new drugs, AIDS and viral hepatitis and other major infectious diseases prevention and control, large aircraft, high-resolution Earth observation systems, manned space and lunar exploration program, such as 16 major projects involving information, biological, and other strategic industries, energy, resources and environment and people's health and other major pressing issues, as well as dual-use technology and defense technology.

 

Friday, cutting-edge technology

前沿技术是指高技术领域中具有前瞻性、先导性和探索性的重大技术,是未来高技术更新换代和新兴产业发展的重要基础,是国家高技术创新能力的综合体现。 Cutting-edge technology is the forward-looking high-tech field, the pilot and exploratory major technology upgrade in the future and emerging high-tech industry an important basis for high-tech innovation capability are the National General embodies.选择前沿技术的主要?­则:一是代表世界高技术前沿的发展方向。 Choose the forefront of technology, the main principles: First, on behalf of the world's cutting-edge high-tech development.二是对国家未来新兴产业的形成和发展具有引领作用。 The future of the country are two new industries have led the formation and development of the role.三是有利于产业技术的更新换代,实现跨越发展。 Three are in favor of industrial technology upgrading, development by leaps and bounds.四是具备较好的人才队伍和研究开发基础。 Are four teams with better talent and research and development foundation.根据以上?­则,要超前部署一批前沿技术,发挥科技引领未来发展的先导作用,提高我国高技术的研究开发能力和产业的国际竞争力。 In line with these principles, it is necessary to advance the deployment of a number of cutting-edge technology, to lead the future development of science and technology play a leading role, improve the high-tech research and development of our country and the international competitiveness of industries.

1. 1.生物技术 Biotechnology

生物技术和生命科学将成为21世纪引发新科技革命的重要推动力量,基因组学和蛋白质组学研究正在引领生物技术向系统化研究方向发展。 Biotechnology and life sciences will be a 21st century revolution in science and technology lead to important new driving force, genomics and proteomics research in biotechnology is leading to the development of systematic research.基因组序列测定与基因结构分析已转向功能基因组研究以及功能基因的发现和应用;药物及动植物品种的分子定向设计与构建已成为种质和药物研究的重要方向;生物芯片、干细胞和组织工程等前沿技术研究与应用,孕育着诊断、治疗及再生医学的重大突破。 Genome structure and gene sequencing analysis has shifted to functional genomics research and discovery of functional genes and applications; drugs and plant and animal species targeted molecular design and construction of germplasm and drugs has become an important direction of research; bio-chip, stem cell and tissue engineering, etc. research and application of cutting-edge technology when they gave birth to a diagnosis, treatment, and a major breakthrough in regenerative medicine.必须在功能基因组、蛋白质组、干细胞与治疗性克隆、组织工程、生物催化与转化技术等方面取得关键性突破。 Must be in functional genomics, proteomics, stem cells and therapeutic cloning, tissue engineering, bio-catalytic technology, and made into a key breakthrough.

前沿技术: Cutting-edge technology:

(1)靶标发现技术 (1) target discovery technology

靶标的发现?苑⒄勾葱乱┪铩⑸镎锒虾蜕镏瘟萍际蹙哂兄匾庖濉? Targets for the development of innovative drug discovery, biological diagnosis and biological treatment technology of great significance.重点研究生理和病理过程中关键基因功能及其调控网络的规模化识别,突破疾病相关基因的功能识别、表达调控及靶标筛查和确证技术,“从基因到药物”的新药创制技术。 Focus on the process of physiological and pathological function of key genes and regulatory networks of large-scale identification of disease-related gene breakthrough feature identification, expression and regulation, and target screening and confirmation techniques, "From gene to drug" technology to create new drugs.

(2)动植物品种与药物分子设计技术 (2) plant and animal species and drug design technology

动植物品种与药物分子设计是基于生物大分子三维结构的分子对接、分子模拟以及分子设计技术。 Plant and animal species and drug design is based on three-dimensional structure of biological macromolecules of molecular docking, molecular modeling and molecular design.重点研究蛋白质与细胞动态过程生物信息分析、整合、模拟技术,动植?锲分钟胍┪镄槟馍杓萍际酰参锲分稚び胍┪锎还こ棠D饧际酰扑慊ㄖ楹匣衔锟馍杓啤⒑铣珊蜕秆〉燃际酢? Focuses on the dynamic process of protein and cell biology information analysis, integration, simulation technology, virtual plant and animal species and drug design techniques, the growth of plant and animal species and drug metabolic engineering simulation technology, computer-assisted composition compound library design, synthesis and screening techniques.

(3)基因操作和蛋白质工程技术 (3) genetic manipulation and protein engineering technology

基因操作技术是基因资源利用的关键技术。 Gene manipulation technology is the use of genetic resources of key technologies.蛋白质工程是高效利用基因产物的重要途径。 Efficient use of protein engineering are an important means of gene products.重点研究基因的高效表达及其调控技术、染色体结构与定位整合技术、编码蛋白基因的人工设计与改造技术、蛋白质肽链的修饰及改构技术、蛋白质结构解析技术、蛋白质规模化分离纯化技术。 Focus on efficient gene expression and regulation of technology, integration of chromosome structure and positioning technology, the artificial gene encoding the design and transformation technology, the modified protein and polypeptide chain conformation change technology, protein structure analysis technology, large-scale protein separation and purification technology.

(4)基于干细胞的人体组织工程技术 (4) stem cell-based human tissue engineering

干细胞技术可在体外培养干细胞,定向诱导分化为各种组织细胞供临床所需,也可在体外构建出人体器官,用于替代与修复性治疗。 Stem cell technology can cultivate stem cells in vitro, induced to differentiate into a variety of targeted cells for clinical requirements can also be constructed in vitro in human organs, for alternative treatment and restoration.重点研究治疗性克隆技术,干细胞体外建系和定向诱导技术,人体结构组织体外构建与规模化生产技术,人体多细胞复杂结构组织构建与缺损修复技术和生物制造技术。 Focus on therapeutic cloning, stem cell lines in vitro induction and orientation, the body structure of organizations with large-scale in vitro production techniques, many human cells, the complexity of the structure of organizations to build and defect repair technology and biology technology.

(5)新一代工业生物技术 (5) a new generation of industrial biotechnology

生物催化和生物转化是新一代工业生物技术的主体。 Biocatalysis and biotransformation of the new generation are the mainstay of industrial biotechnology.重点研究功能菌株大规模筛选技术,生物催化剂定向改造技术,规模化工业生产的生物催化技术系统,清洁转化介质创制技术及工业化成套转化技术。 Focus on large-scale functional screening of strains technology, bio-catalyst for the transformation-oriented technology, chemical industry, production scale biocatalysis technology systems, clean technology transformation and industrialization created media set of conversion technologies.

2.信息技术 2. Information Technology

信息技术将继续向高性能、低成本、普适计算和智能化等主要方向发展,寻求新的计算与处理方式和物理实现是未来信息技术领域面临的重大挑战。 Information technology will continue to provide high-performance, low-cost, ubiquitous computing and intelligent, such as the main direction of development of computing and to seek new ways and deal with the physical implementation of information technology are the future of the major challenges facing the field.纳米科技、生物技术与认知科学等多学科的交叉融合,将促进基于生物特征的、以图像和自然语言理解为基础的“以人为中心”的信息技术发展,推动多领域的创新。 Nanotechnology, biotechnology and cognitive science, multidisciplinary integration, will promote the features of the biology-based to image and natural language understanding based on "people-centered" information technology development, and promote innovation in many fields.重点研究低成本的自组织网络,个性化的智能机器人和人机交互系统、高柔性免受攻击的数据网络和先进的信息安全系统。 Focus on self-organizing network of low-cost, personalized intelligent robot and human-computer interaction systems, highly flexible data network from attack and advanced information security systems.

前沿技术: Cutting-edge technology:

(6)智能感知技术 (6) Smart sensing technology

重点研究基于生物特征、以自然语言和动态图像的理解为基础的“以人为中心”的智能信息处理和控制技术,中文信息处理;研究生物特征识别、智能交通等相关领域的系统技术。 Based on the focus on biological characteristics and dynamics of a natural language understanding based on images of "people-centered" intelligent information processing and control technology, Chinese information processing; study of biometric identification, such as intelligent transportation systems technology related fields.

(7)自组织网络技术 (7) self-organizing network technology

重点研究自组织移动网、自组织计算网、自组织存储网、自组织传感器网等技术,低成本的实时信息处理系统、多传感信息融合技术、个性化人机交互界面技术,以及高柔性免受攻击的数据网络和先进的信息安全系统;研究自组织智能系统和个人智能系统。 Focus on self-organized mobile networks, self-organizing computing network, storage network self-organization, self-organizing sensor network technology, low-cost real-time information processing systems, multi-sensor information fusion technology, personalized human-computer interface technology, and highly flexible the data network from attack and advanced information security systems; study self-organizing intelligent system intelligent systems and individuals.

(8)虚拟现实技术 (8) Virtual Reality Technology

重点研究电子学、心理学、控制学、计算机图形学、数据库设计、实时分布系统和多媒体技术等多学科融合的技术,研究医学、娱乐、艺术与教育、军事及工业制造管理等多个相关领域的虚拟现实技术和系统。 Focus on electronics, psychology, controlled study, computer graphics, database design, real-time distributed systems and multimedia technology, such as multi-disciplinary integration of technology, research medicine, entertainment, arts and education, military and industrial manufacturing management and other related fields virtual reality technologies and systems.

3.新材料技术 3. New materials technology

新材料技术将向材料的结构功能复合化、功能材料智能化、材料与器件集成化、制备和使用过程绿色化发展。 New materials technology to the structure and function of composite materials and smart functional materials, materials and device integration, the process of preparation and use of green development.突破现代材料设计、评价、表征与先进制备加工技术,在纳米科学研究的基础上发展纳米材料与器件,开发超导材料、智能材料、能源材料等特种功能材料,开发超级结构材料、新一代光电信息材料等新材料。 Breakthrough in the design of modern materials, evaluation, characterization and preparation of advanced processing techniques, basic scientific research in nanotechnology on the development of nano-materials and devices, development of superconducting materials, intelligent materials, energy materials, such as special functional materials, the development of super-structure of materials, a new generation of optical electricity and new materials such as information materials.

前沿技术: Cutting-edge technology:

(9)智能材料与结构技术 (9) Technology Smart Materials and Structures

智能材料与智能结构是集传感、控制、驱动(执行)等功能于一体的机敏或智能结构系统。 Smart materials and smart structure is a sensor, control, drive (Executive) and other functions of the smart or intelligent structure systems.重点研究智能材料制备加工技术,智能结构的设计与制备技术,关键设备装置的监控与失效控制技术等。 Focus on processing technology of smart materials, smart structures design and preparation technology, key equipment failure device monitoring and control technology.

(10)高温超导技术 (10) high-temperature superconductor technology

重点研究新型高温超导材料及制备技术,超导电缆、超导电机、高效超导电力器件;研究超导生物医学器件、高温超导滤波器、高温超导无损检测装置和扫描磁显微镜等灵敏探测器件。 Focus on new high-temperature superconductor materials and preparation technologies, superconducting cables, superconducting motor, efficient superconducting electric power devices; study superconducting biomedical devices, high-temperature superconductor filters, high-temperature superconductor devices and scan non-destructive testing, such as sensitive magnetic microscope detector.

(11)高效能源材料技术 (11) Energy Efficient Technology

重点研究太阳能电池相关材料及其关键技术、燃料?绯毓丶牧霞际酢⒏呷萘看⑶獠牧霞际酢⒏咝Ф蔚绯夭牧霞肮丶际酢⒊兜缛萜鞴丶牧霞爸票讣际酰⒄垢咝芰孔挥氪⒛懿牧咸逑怠? Focus on solar-related materials and key technologies, the key material of fuel cell technology, high-capacity hydrogen storage materials, high-performance secondary battery materials and key technologies, key Supercapacitor Materials and preparation technology, the development of efficient energy conversion and energy storage material system .

4.先进制造技术 4. Advanced Manufacturing Technology

先进制造技术将向信息化、极限化和绿色化的方向发展,成为未来制造业赖以生存的基础和可持续发展的关键。 Advanced manufacturing technology to the information, and the limits and direction of the green, and become the basis for the manufacturing industry survival and sustainable development.重点突破极端制造、系统集成和?­同技术、智能制造与应用技术、成套装备与系统的设计验证技术、基于高可靠性的大型复杂系统和装备的系统设计技术。 Breakthroughs in key areas of extreme manufacturing, system integration and collaboration technologies, intelligent manufacturing and application of technology, complete sets of equipment and system design verification techniques, based on highly reliable large-scale complex systems and system design technology equipment.

前沿技术: Cutting-edge technology:

(12)极端制造技术 (12) extreme manufacturing technology

极端制造是指在极端条件或环境下,制造极端尺度(特大或特小尺度)或极高功能的器件和功能系统。 Manufacturing refers to extreme conditions or in extreme circumstances, extreme-scale manufacturing (large or special small-scale) or very high functional devices and functional systems.重点研究微纳机电系统、微纳制造、超精密制造、巨系统制造和强场制造相关的设计、制造工艺和检测技术。 Focus on micro-nano-electro-mechanical systems, micro-nano manufacturing, ultra-precision manufacturing, giant system manufacturing and manufacturing-related field Strong design, manufacturing processes and testing techniques.

(13)智能服务机器人 (13) Intelligent Service Robot

 Intelligent robot Services are at non-structural environment necessary for human services a wide range of intelligent high-tech integrated equipment.以服务机器人和危险作业机器人应用需求为重点,研究设计方法、制造工艺、智能控制和应用系统集成等共性基础技术。 Service robots and robot homework dangerous applications, focusing on research and design methods, manufacturing processes, intelligent control system integration and application of basic techniques in common.

(14)重大产品和重大设施寿命预测技术 (14) the major products and major facilities for the life prediction technology

重大产品和重大设施寿命预测技术是提高运行可靠性、安全性、可维护性的关键技术。 Major products and major facilities are to improve life prediction technology to run the reliability, security, maintenance of key technologies.研究零部件材料的成分设计及成形加工的预测控制和优化技术,基于知识的成形制造过程建模与仿真技术,制造过程在线检测与评估技术,零部件寿命预测技术,重大产品、复杂系统和重大设施的可靠性、安全性和寿命预测技术。 Materials research components forming the composition design and processing of predictive control and optimization technology, forming a knowledge-based modeling and simulation of manufacturing process technology, manufacturing, testing and evaluation process of online technology, parts and components life prediction technology, the major products, complex systems and major facilities, reliability, security and life prediction techniques.

5.先进能源技术 5. Advanced energy technologies

未来能源技术发展的主要方向是?­济、高效、清洁利用和新型能源开发。 The development of future energy technologies are the main directions of economic, efficient and clean use of energy development and new.第四代核能系统、先进核燃料?­环以及聚变能等技术的开发越来越受到关注;氢作为可从多种途径获取的理想能源载体,将为能源的清洁利用带来新的变革;具有清洁、灵活特征的燃料电池动力和分布式供能系统,将为终端能源利用提供新的重要形式。 Fourth-generation nuclear energy systems, advanced nuclear fuel cycle, as well as technologies such as fusion to the development of more and more attention; hydrogen as obtained from a variety of an ideal energy carrier for the clean use of energy brought about new changes; with a clean, flexible characteristics of fuel cells for power and distributed energy systems, energy use will provide a new terminal in the form of essential.重点研究规模化的氢能利用和分布式供能系统,先进核能及核燃料?­环技术,开发高效、清洁和二氧化碳近零排放的化石能源开发利用技术,低成本、高效率的可再生能源新技术。 Focus on large-scale use of hydrogen energy and distributed energy systems, advanced nuclear energy and nuclear fuel cycle technology, the development of efficient, clean and near zero carbon dioxide emissions from fossil energy development and utilization of technology, low-cost, efficient renewable energy technologies.

前沿技术: Cutting-edge technology:

(15)氢能及燃料电池技术 (15) hydrogen and fuel cell technology

重点研究高效低成本的化石能源和可再生能源制氢技术,?­济高效氢储存和输配技术,燃料电池基础关键部件制备和电堆集成技术,燃料电池发电及车用动力系统集成技术,形成氢能和燃料电池技术规范与标准。 Focus on high-performance low-cost fossil fuels and hydrogen production from renewable energy technology, cost-effective hydrogen storage and distribution technologies, fuel cells and preparation of basic key components of integrated technology stack, fuel cell power generation and automotive power systems integration technology, the formation of hydrogen energy and fuel cell technical specifications and standards.

(16)分布式供能技术 (16) Distributed Energy Technology

分布式供能系统是为终端用户提供灵活、节能型的综合能源服务的重要途径。 Distributed Energy Supply System for the end-user to provide a flexible, comprehensive energy-saving an important way of energy services.重点突破基于化石能源的微小型燃气轮机及新型热力?­环等终端的能源转换技术、储能技术、热电冷系统综合技术,形成基于可再生能源和化石能源互补、微小型燃气轮机与燃料电池混合的分布式终端能源供给系统。 Breakthroughs in key areas of fossil energy-based micro gas turbine and new thermodynamic cycle, such as terminal energy conversion technologies, energy storage technologies, thermoelectric cooling system technology, and form based on renewable energy and fossil energy complement each other, micro-and small gas turbines and fuel cell hybrid distribution terminal energy supply system.

(17)快中子堆技术 (17) fast neutron reactor technology

快中子堆是由快中子引起?­子核裂变链式反应,并可实现核燃料增殖的核反应堆,能够使铀资源得到充分利用,还能处理热堆核电站生产的长寿命放射性废弃物。 Fast neutron reactors are caused by the fast neutron chain reaction of nuclear fission, nuclear proliferation and achieve nuclear reactors, to be able to make full use of uranium resources, but also deal with the hot reactor nuclear power plant production of long-lived radioactive waste.研究并掌握快堆设计及核心技术,相关核燃料和结构材料技术,突破钠?­环等关键技术,建成65MW实验快堆,实现临界及并网发电。 Research and master fast reactor design and core technology, related to nuclear fuel and structural materials technology, breakthroughs in key technologies, such as sodium cycle to build 65MW experimental fast breeder reactor, and achieve the critical grid.

(18)磁约束核聚变 (18) Magnetic confinement fusion

以参加国际热核聚变实验反应堆的建设和研究为契机,重点研究大型超导磁体技术、微波加热和驱动技术、中性束注入加热技术、包层技术、氚的大规模实时分离提纯技术、偏滤器技术、数值模拟、等离子体控制和诊断技术、示范堆所需关键材料技术,以及深化高温等离子体物理研究和某些以能源为目标的非托克马克途径的探索研究。 To take part in the international experimental thermonuclear fusion reactor construction and research as an opportunity to focus on large-scale superconducting magnet technology, and drive technology of microwave heating, neutral beam injection heating technology, including technology, real-time large-scale tritium separation and purification technology, partial filter technology, numerical simulation, plasma control and diagnostic techniques, the key materials required for the model reactor technology, as well as the deepening of high-temperature plasma physics research and some energy for the non-goal of exploring ways Tokmak.

6. 6.海洋技术 Marine technology

重视发展多功能、多参数和作业长期化的海洋综合开发技术,以提高深海作业的综合技术能力。 Attached great importance to developing multi-functional, multi-parameters and operating long-term comprehensive development of marine technology, deep-sea fishing in order to improve the technical capacity of the General.重点研究开发天然气水合物勘探开发技术、大洋金属矿产资源海底集输技术、现场高效提取技术和大型海洋工程技术。 The focus of the research and development of natural gas hydrate exploration and development technology, the ocean seabed mineral resources metal gathering and transportation technology, on-site high-performance technology and large-scale extraction of marine engineering and technology.

前沿技术: Cutting-edge technology:

(19)海洋环境立体监测技术 (19) three-dimensional marine environment monitoring technology

海洋环境立体监测技术是在空中、岸站、水面、水中对海洋环境要素进行同步监测的技术。 Three-dimensional monitoring of the marine environment and technology is in the air, shore stations, surface water of the synchronous elements of the marine environment monitoring technology.重点研究海洋遥感技术、声学探测技术、浮标技术、岸基远程雷达技术,发展海洋信息处理与应用技术。 Focus on ocean remote sensing technology, acoustic detection technology, buoy technology, shore-based long-range radar technology, deal with the development of marine information technologies and applications.

(20)大洋海底多参数快速探测技术 (20) Ocean Harbor Express Multi-parameter detection

大洋海底多参数快速探测技术是对海底地球物理、地球化学、生物化学等特征的多参量进行同步探测并实现实时信息传输的技术。 Ocean Harbor Express Multi-parameter detection of seabed geophysics, geochemistry, biochemistry and other characteristics of many parameters simultaneously and to achieve real-time detection of information transmission technology.重点研究异常环境条件下的传感器技术,传感器自动标定技术,海底信息传输技术等。 Focus on abnormal conditions of the sensor technology, sensor auto-calibration technology, information transmission technology, such as the seabed.

(21)天然气水合物开发技术 (21) natural gas hydrate technology

天然气水合物是蕴藏于海洋深水底和地下的碳氢化合物。 Gas hydrate deposits in the oceans are deep underwater and underground hydrocarbons.重点研究天然气水合物的勘探理论与开发技术,天然气水合物地球物理与地球化学勘探和评价技术,突破天然气水合物钻井技术和安全开采技术。 Focuses on the theory of natural gas hydrate exploration and development of technology, geophysics and geochemistry of gas hydrate exploration and evaluation of technology, a breakthrough of gas hydrate drilling technology and safety of mining technology.

(22) deep-sea fishing technology

 Deep-sea fishing technology is supporting the project of deep seabed mineral mining operations and underwater technology.Focus on deep underwater delivery technology, life support systems technology, high-energy power plant technology, high-fidelity sampling and long-range information transmission technology, deep-sea fishing equipment, manufacturing technology and deep-space technology.

7Laser Technology

8Air and space technology

 

Six, basic research

Basic research to gain a profound understanding of natural phenomena, and reveal the laws of nature, the acquisition of new knowledge, new principles, new methods and cultivate innovative talents, such as high-quality basic mission is an important source of high-tech development, is to cultivate the creative talents of the cradle are advanced Construction the basis of culture, science and technology are the future development of the inherent power.发整。 The development of basic research should adhere to National Service with the aim to encourage the combination of freedom to explore, to follow the laws of scientific development, exploration of the spirit of great importance to scientists, highlighting the long-term scientific value, stability, support, ahead of deployment, and in accordance with the new trend of scientific development, dynamically adjust .本纲要从学科发展、科学前沿问题、面向国家重大战略需求的基础研究、重大科学研究计划四个方面进行部署。 This outline discusses the development of cutting-edge science and problem-oriented needs of the country a major strategic basic research, important scientific research plan for the deployment of four aspects.

1. 1.学科发展 Development

根据基础研究厚积薄发、探索性强、进展往往难以预测的特点,对基础学科进行全面布局,突出学科交叉、融合与渗透,培育新的学科生长点。厚积薄发in accordance with basic research, exploratory, and progress is often difficult to predict the characteristics of the layout of basic disciplines to conduct a comprehensive, interdisciplinary highlight, integration and penetration, to cultivate new growth point of the subject.通过长期、深厚的学术研究积累,促进?­始创新能力的提升,促进多学科?­调发展。 Through long-term, the accumulation of solid academic research to promote original innovation capability, promote the coordinated development of many disciplines.

(1)基础学科 (1) basic disciplines

重视基本理论和学科建设,全面?­调地发展数学、物理学、化学、天文学、地球科学、生物学等基础学科。 Attention to basic theory and construction disciplines, comprehensive and coordinated development of math, physics, chemistry, astronomy, earth science, biology and other basic subjects.

(2)交叉学科和新兴学科 (2) cross-disciplinary and emerging disciplines

基础学科之间、基础学科与应用学科、科学与技术、自然科学与人文社会科学的交叉与融合,往往导致重大科学发现和新兴学科的产生,是科学研究中最活跃的部分之一,要给予高度关注和重点部署。 Between the basic disciplines, and application of basic academic subjects, science and technology, natural sciences and the humanities and social sciences and integration often leads to major scientific discoveries and emerging subjects, scientific research are part of one of the most active, to give the deployment of a high degree of attention and focus.

2. 2.科学前沿问题 Cutting-edge science questions

微观与宇观的统一,还?­论与整体论的结合,多学科的相互交叉,数学等基础科学向各领域的渗透,先进技术和手段的运用,是当代科学发展前沿的主要特征,孕育着科学上的重大突破,使人类对客观世界的认识不断地超越和深化。 Micro-with the building of a unified concept, reduction of the overall theory of the combination of many cross-cutting disciplines, mathematics and other basic sciences to the field of infiltration, advanced technology and means of the use of modern science are the main features of the development of cutting-edge when they gave birth to the scientific a major breakthrough in human understanding of the objective world and deepening continuously beyond.遴选科学前沿问题的?­则为:对基础科学发展具有带动作用,具有良好基础,能充分体现我国优势与特色,有利于大幅度提升我国基础科学的国际地位。 The selection of cutting-edge scientific principles of the problem: the development of basic science leading role, has a good foundation that can fully reflect the advantages and characteristics of our country, our country has improved significantly in favor of the international status of basic science.

(1)生命过程的定量研究和系统整合 (1) quantitative study of life processes and systems integration

主要研究方向:基因语言及调控,功能基因组学,模式生物学,表观遗传学及非编码核糖核酸,生命体结构功能及其调控网络,生命体重构,生物信息学,计算生物学,系统生物学,极端环境中的生命特征,生命起源和演化,系统发育与进化生物学等。 The main research directions: language and gene regulation, functional genomics, models of biology, epigenetics and non-coding RNA, the structure of life functions and regulatory networks, reconstruction of life, bioinformatics, computational biology, systems biology study, life in extreme environments characteristic of the origin of life and evolution, phylogeny and evolutionary biology.

(2)凝聚态物质与新效应 (2) Effect of condensed matter with the new

主要研究方向:强关联体系、软凝聚态物质,新量子特性凝聚态物质与新效应,自相似?­同生长、巨开放系统和复杂系统问题,玻色━爱因斯坦凝聚,超流超导机制,极端条件下凝聚态物质的结构相变、电子结构和多种?­激发过程等。 The main research directions: strongly correlated systems, soft condensed matter, the new quantum properties of condensed matter with the new effect, self-similar growth synergies, giant open systems and complex system, ━ Bose-Einstein condensation, superfluid superconducting mechanism condensed matter under extreme conditions of structural phase transitions, electronic structure and processes to stimulate a wide range of the original.

(3)物质深层次结构和宇宙大尺度物理学规律 (3) deep-seated structure of the material and the laws of the universe, large-scale physics

主要研究方向:微观和宇观尺度以及高能、高密、超高压、超强磁场等极端状态下的物质结构与物理规律,探索统一所有物理规律的理论,粒子物理学前沿基?疚侍猓滴镏屎桶的芰康谋局剩钪娴钠鹪春脱莼诙醇案髦痔焯搴徒峁沟男纬杉把莼艋疃缘厍蚧肪澈驮趾Φ挠跋旒捌湓けǖ取? The main research directions: the micro and-scale buildings as well as the concept of high-energy, high-density, ultra-high pressure, super-strong magnetic field, such as the extreme state of physical structures and physical laws, and explore all the physical laws of a unified theory, the basic problem the forefront of particle physics, dark matter and dark energy the nature of the origin and evolution of the universe, black holes and the structure of the various celestial bodies and the formation and evolution of solar activity on the Earth's environment and the impact of disasters and its prediction.

 (4) core areas of math and its application in cross -

 The main research directions: the core of the major problems in math, math and other subjects and cross-cutting scientific research and practical application of the new math problem, such as discrete questions, random questions, and the question of quantum of substantial non-linear math problem Theory and methods.

(5)地球系统过程与资源、环境和灾害效应 (5) of the Earth system processes and resources, environment and disaster effects

主要研究方向:地球系统各圈层(大气圈、水圈、生物圈、地壳、地幔、地核)的相互作用,地球深部钻探,地球系统中的物理、化学、生物过程及其资源、环境与灾害效应,海陆相成藏理论,地基、海基、空基、天基地球观测与探测系统及地球模拟系统,地球系统科学理论等。 The main research directions: circle the Earth system (atmosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere, crust, mantle, core) interaction, deep earth drilling, earth system physics, chemistry, biological processes and their resources, environment and disaster the effect of possession of land and sea each other theory, ground-based, sea-based, space-based, space-based Earth observation and detection system and simulation system for the Earth, the Earth System Science theory.

(6)新物质创造与转化的化学过程 (6) the creation of new substances into the chemical processes and

主要研究方向:新的特定结构功能分子、凝聚态和聚集态分子功能体系的设计、可控合成、制备和转化,环境友好的新化学体系的建立,不同时空尺度物质形成与转化过程以及在生命过程和生态环境等复杂体系中的化学本质、性能与结构的关系和转化规律等。 The main research directions: a new structure and function of specific molecules, condensed matter and molecular aggregation function system design, control synthesis, preparation and transformation, environmental friendly new chemical system set up at different time-scale materials as well as the formation and transformation processes in the life process and the ecological environment, such as a complex system of chemical nature of the relationship between performance and structure and rules of such transformation.

(7)脑科学与认知科学 (7) brain science and cognitive science

主要研究方向:脑功能的细胞和分子机理,脑重大疾病的发生发展机理,脑发育、可塑性与人类智力的关系,学习记忆和思维等脑高级认知功能的过程及其神?­基础,脑信息表达与脑式信息处理系统,人脑与计算机对话等。 The main research directions: brain function of cellular and molecular mechanism of brain development of a major mechanism of disease, brain development, plasticity and the relationship between human intelligence, learning and memory and thinking, such as advanced cognitive function in the brain and its neural basis of the process, the expression of brain information and brain-type information processing system, the human brain and computer dialogue.

(8)科学实验与观测方法、技术和设备的创新 (8), scientific experiments and observation methods, techniques and equipment innovations

主要研究方向:具有动态、适时、无损、灵敏、高分辨等特征的生命科学检测、成像、分析与操纵方法,物质组成、功能和结构信息获取新分析及表征技术,地球科学与空间科学研究中新观测手段和信息获取新方法等。 The main research directions: dynamic, timely, non-destructive, sensitive and high-resolution characteristics of the life sciences, such as detection, imaging, analysis and manipulation of method, material composition, functions and structure of information access analysis and characterization of new technology, earth science and space science research new observation tools and methods to acquire new information.

3. 3.面向国家重大战略需求的基础研究 Country needs a major strategy for basic research

以知识为基础的社会对科学发展提出了强烈需求,综合国力的竞争已前移到基础研究,而且愈加激烈。 Knowledge-based society of science and the development of a strong demand, competition in comprehensive national strength has been moved before the basic research, but also more intense.我国作为快速发展中的国家,更要强调基础研究服务于国家目标,通过基础研究解决未来发展中的关键、瓶颈问题。 The rapid development of our country as a country, want more emphasis on basic research services to national goals, through basic research to solve the future development of the key bottlenecks.遴选研究方向的?­则为:对国家?­济社会发展和国家安全具有战略性、全局性和长远性意义;虽暂时还薄弱,但对发展具有关键性作用;能有力带动基础科学和技术科学的结合,引领未来高新技术发展。 The selection of the principles of research: the national economic and social development and national security, strategic, overall and long-term significance; the time being, although weak, but with a key role in the development; Driven to a strong foundation in science and technology combined with scientific, guide the future development of high-tech.

(1)人类健康与疾病的生物学基础 (1) human health and the basic biology of disease

重点研究重大疾病发生发展过程及其干预的分子与细胞基础,神?­、免疫、内分泌系统在健康与重大疾病发生发展中的作用,病?­体传播、变异规律和致病机制,药物在分子、细胞与整体调节水平上的作用机理,环境对生理过程的干扰,中医药学理论体系等。 Focus on the development of major diseases and the intervention of molecular and cellular basis, neurological, immune, endocrine system in health and major diseases, the role of the occurrence and development of pathogen transmission, variation and the pathogenic mechanism of the law, drugs at the molecular, cellular and whole regulating mechanism on the level of environmental interference of physiological processes, such as the theoretical system of Chinese medicine.

(2)农业生物遗传改良和农业可持续发展中的科学问题 (2) genetic improvement of agricultural biodiversity and sustainable agricultural development in the scientific problem

重点研究重要农业生物基因和功能基因组及相关“组”学,生物多样性与新品种培育的遗传学基础,植物抗逆性及水分养分和光能高效利用机理,农业生物与生态环境的相互作用,农业生物安全与主要病虫害控制?­理等。 Key focus on agricultural biological genetic and functional genomics and related "group" study, biological diversity and to cultivate new varieties of basic genetics, plant nutrients and moisture resistance and the efficient use of the mechanism of light energy, agriculture, environment, biology and ecological interactions, agricultural biotechnology safety and control theory and other major diseases and insect pests.

(3)人类活动对地球系统的影响机制 (3) of human activities on the Earth system mechanisms

重点研究资源勘探与开发过程的灾害风险预测,重点流域大规模人类活动的生态影响、适应性和区域生态安全,重要生态系统能量物质?­环规律与调控,生物多样性保育模式,土地利用与土地覆被变化,流域、区域需水规律与生态平衡,环境污染形成机理与控制?­理,海洋资源可持续利用与海洋生态环境保护等。 Focus on resource exploration and development of disaster risk prediction process, focusing on large-scale watershed ecological impact of human activity, adaptation and regional ecological security, it is important to the ecosystem material cycle energy law and regulation, biodiversity conservation patterns, land use and land cover change, river basin, regional water demand and the law of ecological balance, environmental pollution and control of the formation mechanism of the principle of sustainable use of marine resources, environmental protection and marine ecology.

(4)全球变化与区域响应 (4) Global change and regional response

重点研究全球气候变化对中国的影响,大尺度水文?­环对全球变化的响应以及全球变化对区域水资源的影响,人类活动与季风系统的相互作用,海?­陆?­气相互作用与亚洲季风系统变异及其预测,中国近海?­陆地生态系统碳?­环过程,青藏高?­和极地对全球变化的响应及其气候和环境效应,气候系统模式的建立及其模拟和预测,温室效应的机理,气溶胶形成、演变机制及对气候变化的影响及控制等。 Focus on global climate change on China's impact on the hydrological cycle of large-scale response to global change and global change on regional water resources, human activities and the interaction of the monsoon system, the sea - land - atmosphere interaction with the Asian monsoon system variability and its prediction that China's coastal waters - terrestrial ecosystem carbon cycle process, the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau and the polar response to global change and its climatic and environmental effects of the climate system model and its modeling and prediction, the mechanism of the greenhouse effect, aerosol formation, the evolution of the mechanism and the effects of climate change and control.

(5)复杂系统、灾变形成及其预测控制 (5) of complex systems, disaster prediction and control of the formation of

重点研究工程、自然和社会?­济复杂系统中微观机理与宏观现象之间的关系,复杂系统中结构形成的机理和演变规律、结构与系统行为的关系,复杂系统运动规律,系统突变及其调控等,研究复杂系统不同尺度行为间的相关性,发展复杂系统的理论与?椒ǖ取? Focus on engineering, natural and socio-economic complex systems in the micro-mechanism and the relationship between macroeconomic situation, the complexity of system structure and the mechanism of evolution, structure and system behavior of the relationship between the movement of complex systems, system control, such as mutation and to study the behavior of complex systems at different scales of the correlation between the development of complex systems theory and methods.

(6)能源可持续发展中的关键科学问题 (6) sustainable energy development in key scientific questions

重点研究化石能源高效洁净利用与转化的物理化学基础,高性能热功转换及高效节能储能中的关键科学问题,可再生能源规模化利用?­理和新途径,电网安全稳定和?­济运行理论,大规模核能基本技术和氢能技术的科学基础等。 Focus on clean fossil energy and efficient use of basic physical and chemical transformation, high-performance and efficient heat energy conversion and storage of the key scientific questions of scale of renewable energy sources and new ways to use the principle of grid security and stability and economic operation theory, large the size of the basic technology of nuclear energy and hydrogen energy technologies, such as the scientific basis.

(7)材料设计与制备的新?­理与新方法 (7) Materials Design and Preparation of the new principles and new methods

重点研究基础材料改性优化的理化基础、相变和组织控制机制、复合强韧化?­理,新材料的物理化学性质,人工结构化和小尺度化、多功能集成化等物理新机制、新效应和新材料设计,材料制备新?­理、新工艺以及结构、性能表征新?­理,材料服役与环境的相互作用、性能演变、失效机制及寿命预测?­理等。 Materials focus on basic physical and chemical modification of the basic optimization, phase transition and organizational control mechanisms, the principle of strengthening and toughening compound, the new physical and chemical properties of materials, artificial structures and of small-scale, multi-functional integration of new mechanisms, such as physics, new effects and new materials design, materials, production of a new theory, new technology, as well as the structure of the new principle of characterization, materials and environment interaction in service, performance, evolution, failure mechanism and the principle of life, such as prediction.

(8)极端环境条件下制造的科学基础 (8) under the extreme environmental conditions to create the scientific basis for

重点研究深层次物质与能量交互作用规律,高密度能量和物质的微尺度输运,微结构形态的精确表达与计量,制造体成形、成性与系统集成的尺度效应和界面科学,复杂制造系统平稳运动的确定性与制造体的唯一性规律等。 Focus on a deeper level the laws of matter and energy interaction, high-density micro-scale energy and material transport, micro-structure of the precise form of expression and measurement, manufacturing, body shape, and system integration into the scale effect and the interface of science, the complexity of manufacturing systems the certainty of a smooth and manufacture of sports bodies such as the uniqueness of the law.

(9)航空航天重大力学问题 (9) major mechanical problem of Aeronautics and Astronautics

重点研究高超声速推进系统及超高速碰撞力学问题,多维动力系统及复杂运动控制理论,可压缩湍流理论,高温气体热力学,磁流体及等离子体动力学,微流体与微系统动力学,新材料结构力学等。 Focus on hypersonic propulsion systems and ultra-high-speed collision of the mechanical problem, multi-dimensional sports complex power systems and control theory, theory of compressible turbulence, high temperature gas thermodynamics, magnetic fluid and plasma dynamics, microfluidics and micro-system dynamics, new materials such as structural mechanics.

(10)支撑信息技术发展的科学基础 (10) information technology development to support the scientific basis for

重点研究新算法与软件基础理论,虚拟计算环境的机理,海量信息处理及知识挖掘的理论与方法,人机交互理论,网络安全与可信可控的信息安全理论等。 Focuses on the new algorithm with the basic software theory, the mechanism of virtual computing environments, deal with massive information and knowledge of the theory and method of mining, human-computer interaction theory, network security and the credibility of the information security control theory.

4.重大科学研究计划 4. A major scientific research plan

根据世界科学发展趋势和我国重大战略需求,选择能引领未来发展,对科学和技术发展有很强带动作用,可促进我国持续创新能力迅速提高,同时具有优秀创新团队的研究方向,重点部署四项重大科学研究计划。 The scientific development of the world trends and our country needs a major strategic choice to lead the future development of science and technology development has a strong role in promoting our country to promote the continued ability to innovate rapidly rising, with the best innovation at the same time the direction of the research team, focusing on the deployment of four significant scientific research program.这些方向的突破,可显著提升我国的国际竞争力,大力促进可持续发展,实现重点跨越。 Breakthroughs in these directions, can significantly enhance the international competitiveness of our country, and vigorously to promote sustainable development, focus on implementation and bounds.

(1)蛋白质研究 (1) Protein Research

蛋白质是最主要的生命活动载体和功能执行者。 Protein is the most important activity of life and function of the implementation of those carriers.对蛋白?矢丛佣嘌慕峁构δ堋⑾嗷プ饔煤投浠纳钊胙芯浚诜肿印⑾赴蜕锾宓榷喔霾愦紊先娼沂旧窒蟮谋局剩呛蠡蜃槭贝闹饕挝瘛? Of protein structure and function of complex and diverse, dynamic interaction and in-depth study will be at the molecular, cellular and organism levels, such as on a comprehensive situation reveals the essence of life, post-genome era are the main mission.同时,蛋白质科学研究成果将催生一系列新的生物技术,带动医药、农?岛吐躺档姆⒄梗煳蠢瓷锞­济。 At the same time, the protein will be the birth of the results of scientific research a series of new biotechnology, driven medicine, agriculture and green industries, to lead the economic future of biology.因此,蛋白质科学是目前发达国家激烈争夺的生命科学制高点。 Therefore, protein science is the envy of the developed countries the commanding height of the life sciences.

重点研究重要生物体系的转录组学、蛋白质组学、代谢组学、结构生物学、蛋白质生物学功能及其相互作用、蛋白质相关的计算生物学与系统生物学,蛋白质研究的方法学,相关应用基础研究等。 Systems biology focuses on the important study of the transcriptome, proteomics, metabolomics, structural biology, biological functions of proteins and their interactions, protein related to computational biology and systems biology, protein research methodologies, related applications basic research.

(2)量子调控研究 (2) quantum-control study

以微电子为基础的信息技术将达到物理极限,对信息科技发展提出了严峻的挑战,人类必须寻求新出路,而以量子效应为基础的新的信息手段初露端倪,并正在成为发达国家激烈竞争的焦点。 To microelectronics-based information technology will reach the physical limits of information technology on the development of a serious challenge, the human need to find a new way out, and based on quantum effects to the new information means to the horizon, and the developed countries are becoming competitive the focus of competition.量子调控就是探索新的量子现象,发展量子信息学、关联电子学、量子通信、受限小量子体系及人工带隙系统,构建未来信息技术理论基础,具有明显的前瞻性,有可能在20~30年后对人类社会?­济发展产生难以估量的影响。 Quantum control is to explore new quantum phenomenon, the development of quantum information science, associated electronics, quantum communication, quantum-limited system and artificial small band-gap system, building a theoretical foundation for the future of information technology, with a clear forward-looking, there is probably at 20 ~ After 30 years of human socio-economic development of inestimable impact.

重点研究量子通信的载体和调控?­理及方法,量子计算,电荷?­自旋?­相位?­轨道等关联规律以及新的量子调控方法,受限小量子体系的新量子效应,人工带隙材料的宏观量子效应,量子调控表征和测量的新?­理和新技术基础等。 Focus on the carrier of quantum communication and control theory and methods, quantum computing, charge - spin - phase - and other related laws of the track as well as new methods of quantum control, quantum-limited system of small quantum effects of new, artificial band-gap materials, Macroscopic Quantum effect, the quantum control of the new characterization and measurement principles and foundation of new technologies such as.

(3)纳米研究 (3) nanotechnology research

物质在纳米尺度下表现出的奇异现象和规律将改变相关理论的现有框架,使人们对物质世界的认识进入到崭新的阶段,孕育着新的技术革命,给材料、信息、绿色制造、生物和医学等领域带来极大的发展空间。 Material at the nanometer scale to show the singularity under the situation and the law will change the existing framework of relevant theory, so that people's understanding of the material world into a new stage when they gave birth to a new technological revolution, to the materials, information, and green manufacturing, bio - and medical areas such as a great space for development.纳米科技已成为许多国家提升核心竞争力的战略选择,也是我国有望实现跨越式发展的领域之一。 Nanotechnology has become the core of many countries to enhance the competitiveness of the strategic choice of our country is also expected to develop by leaps and bounds as one of the areas.

重点研究纳米材料的可控制备、自组装和功能化,纳米材料的结构、优异特性及其调控机制,纳加工与集成?­理,概念性和?­理性纳器件,纳电子学,纳米生物学和纳米医学,分子聚集体和生物分子的光、电、磁学性质及信息传递,单分子行为与操纵,分子机器的设计组装与调控,纳米尺度表征与度量学,纳米材料和纳米技术在能源、环境、信息、医药等领域的应用。 Focus on the controllable preparation of nano-materials, self-assembly and function, and the structure of nano-materials, excellent properties and regulatory mechanism, and integration of Naga principle works, conceptual and theoretical devices satisfied, satisfied electronics, nano-biology and nano - medicine, molecular biology and molecular aggregation of light, electricity, magnetism and the nature of information transmission, single-molecule behavior and manipulation, the design of molecular machines and control assembly, nanoscale characterization and metrology, nano-materials and nano-technology in the energy, the environment , information, medicine and other fields.

(4)发育与生殖研究 (4) Development and Reproduction

动物克隆、干细胞等一系列举世瞩目的成就为生命科学与医学的未来发展带来了重大的机遇。 Animal cloning, stem cells, a series of remarkable achievements, such as life sciences and medicine for the future development of a major opportunity.然而这些成果大多还不能直接造福于人类,主要?­因是对生殖与发育过程及其机理缺乏系统深入的认识。 However, most of these results can not directly benefit human beings, mainly due to reproductive and developmental processes and their Mechanism of the lack of system understanding.我国人口增长量大,出生缺陷多,移植器官严重短缺,老龄化高峰即将到来,迫切需要生殖与发育科学理论的突破和技术创新。 China's large population growth, birth defects, and a serious shortage of organs for transplant, the aging of the upcoming summit, there is an urgent need for reproductive and developmental breakthroughs in scientific theory and technological innovation.

重点研究干细胞增殖、分化和调控,生殖细胞发生、成熟与受精,胚胎发育的调控机制,体细胞去分化和动物克隆机理,人体生殖功能的衰退与退行性病变的机制,辅助生殖与干细胞技术的安全和伦理等。 Focus on stem cell proliferation, differentiation and control, reproductive cells, mature and fertilized, embryonic development of the regulatory mechanism to somatic cell differentiation and the mechanism of animal cloning, human reproductive function decline and degeneration of the mechanism, assisted reproductive technology and stem cells safety and ethics.

 

Seven, science and technology system reform and the national innovation system

改革开放以来,我国科技体制改革紧紧围绕促进科技与?­济结合,以加强科技创新、促进科技成果转化和产业化为目标,以调整结构、转换机制为重点,采取了一系列重大改革措施,取得了重要突破和实质性进展。 Since reform and opening up, China's science and technology closely around the promotion of science and technology system reform and economic integration in order to strengthen scientific and technological innovation, promote the transformation and industrialization of scientific and technological achievements into goal to adjust structure, focus on the conversion mechanism, adopted a series of major reform measures, and achieved an important breakthrough and substantial progress.同时,必须清楚地看到,我国现行科技体制与社会主义市场?­济体制以及?­济、科技大发展的要求,还存在着诸多不相适应之处。 At the same time, must be clear to see that China's current science and technology system and the socialist market economic system and economic, scientific and technological requirements of large-scale development, there are many of the incompatible.一是企业尚未真正成为技术创新的主体,自主创新能力不强。 First, enterprises have not yet really become the mainstay of technological innovation, the capability of independent innovation is not strong.二是各方面科技力量自成体系、分散重复,整体运行效率不高,社会公益领域科技创新能力尤其薄弱。 Various aspects of science and technology are two self-force, distributed duplicate, the overall operating efficiency is not high, the field of social welfare in particular, a weak scientific and technological innovation.三是科技宏观管理各自为政,科技资源配置方式、评价制度等不能适应科技发展新形势和政府职能转变的要求。 Technology are three macro-management of their own, science and technology, resource allocation, evaluation of the system can not adapt to the new situation of scientific and technological development and the requirements of the transformation of government functions.四是激励优秀人才、鼓励创新创业的机制还不完善。 Talents are four incentives to encourage innovation mechanism is not perfect.这些问题严重制约了国家整体创新能力的提高。 These issues seriously hampered the country's overall innovation capability.

深化科技体制改革的指导思想是:以服务国家目标和调动广大科技人员的积极性和创造性为出发点,以促进全社会科技资源高效配置和综合集成为重点,以建立企业为主体、产学研结合的技术创新体系为突破口,全面推进中国特色国家创新体系建设,大幅度提高国家自主创新能力。 Deepen the science and technology are thought to guide reform: aim to serve the country and mobilize the broad masses of scientific and technological personnel enthusiasm and creativity as the starting point in order to promote efficient allocation of society and scientific and technological resources to focus on integration in order to set up enterprises as the mainstay, combining technology research innovation system as a breakthrough point, and comprehensively promote a national innovation system with Chinese characteristics, construction, significantly enhance the capability of independent innovation country.

当前和今后一个时期,科技体制改革的重点任务是: Now and in the future, the focus of S & T system is the mission:

1. 1.支持鼓励企业成为技术创新主体 Support and encourage enterprises to become the main technological innovation

市场竞争是技术创新的重要动力,技术创新是企业提高竞争力的根本途径。 Market competition is an important driving force for technological innovation, technological innovation, enhance the competitiveness of enterprises are a fundamental way.随着改革开放的深入,我国企业在技术创新中发挥着越来越重要的作用。 With the deepening of reform and opening up, Chinese enterprises in technological innovation is playing an increasingly important role.要进一步创造条件、优化环境、深化改革,切实增强企业技术创新的动力和活力。 To further create the conditions for optimizing the environment, deepening reform, and effectively enhance the power of technological innovation and vitality.一要发挥?­济、科技政策的导向作用,使企业成为研究开发投入的主体。 Want to play one economy, science and technology policy-oriented role, so that enterprises become the main research and development inputs.加快完善统一、开放、竞争、有序的市场?­济环境,通过财税、金融等政策,引导企业增加研究开发投入,推动企业特别是大企业建立研究开发机构。 Speed up the improvement of a unified, open, competitive and orderly market environment, through taxation, and financial policies to guide enterprises to increase R & D investment, and promote enterprises, especially large corporations set up research and development institutions.依托具有较强研究开发和技术辐射能力的转制科研机构或大企业,集成高等院校、科研院所等相关力量,组建国家工程实验室和行业工程中心。 Relying on a strong research and development and technology transfer of radiation research institutions or large enterprises, integrated institutions of higher learning, research institutes and other relevant forces, the formation of National Engineering Laboratory and the trade center.鼓励企业与高等院校、科研院所建立各类技术创新?献橹銮考际醮葱履芰Α? Encourage the enterprises and institutions of higher learning, research institutes set up a joint organization of various technological innovations to enhance the ability of technological innovation.二要改革科技计划支持方式,支持企业承担国家研究开发任务。 Second, it is necessary to support the reform of science and technology projects, to support corporate research and development mission country.国家科技计划要更多地反映企业重大科技需求,更多地吸纳企业参与。 National Science and Technology plans to more reflect the needs of major scientific and technological enterprise, attract more enterprises to participate.在具有明确市场应用前景的领域,建立企业牵头组织、高等院校和科研院所共同参与实施的有效机制。 At the market with a clear application of fields, set up business-led organizations, institutions of higher learning and scientific research institutes to participate in the implementation of an effective mechanism.三要完善技术转移机制,促进企业的技术集成与应用。 Three to improve the technology transfer mechanism to promote technology integration with business applications.建立健全知识产权激励机制和知识产权交易制度。 Establish and improve the incentive mechanism of intellectual property rights and intellectual property rights trading system.大力发展为企业服务的各类科技中介服务机构,促进企业之间、企业与高等院校和科研院所之间的知识流动和技术转移。 Services for enterprises to develop the types of science and technology intermediary service institutions, the promotion of enterprises, enterprises and institutions of higher learning and knowledge between research institutes and technology transfer flows.国家重点实验室、工程(技术研究)中心要向企业扩大开放。 State Key Laboratory of Engineering (Research) Center, expanding opening up to the enterprise.四要加快现代企业制度建设,增强企业技术创新的内在动力。 Fourth, it is necessary to speed up the construction of modern enterprise system, enhance the intrinsic power of technological innovation.把技术创新能力作为国有企业考核的重要指标,把技术要素参与分配作为高新技术企业产权制度改革的重要内容。 The technological innovation ability evaluation of state-owned enterprises as an important indicator of the technical elements involved in the distribution of high-tech enterprise property right system as an important aspect of reform.坚持应用开发类科研机构企业化转制的方向,深化企业化转制科研机构产权制度等方面的改革,形成完善的管理体制和合理、有效的激励机制,使之在高新技术产业化和行业技术创新中发挥骨干作用。 Insist application development category of scientific research institutions into the direction of change, and deepen scientific research institutions into enterprises, such as property rights system reform, the formation of a sound and rational management system, an effective incentive mechanism, so that at high-tech industrialization and technological innovation in industry play a key role.五要营造良好创新环境,扶持中小企业的技术创新活动。 Friday to create a favorable environment for innovation, supporting small and medium-sized technological innovation activity.中小企业特别是科技型中小企业是富有创新活力但承受创新风险能力较弱的企业群体。 Especially small and medium-sized technology-based SMEs are dynamic and innovative but weak to bear the risk of innovative enterprises.要为中小企业创造更为有利的政策环境,在市场准入、反不正当竞争等方面,起草和制定有利于中小企业发展的相关法律、政策;积极发展支持中小企业的科技投融资体系和创业风险投资机制;加快科技中介服务机构建设,为中小企业技术创新提供服务。 SMEs want to create a more conducive policy environment, market access, anti-unfair competition and so on, drafting and development of SMEs will help formulate relevant laws and policies; actively develop science and technology in support of SMEs and venture investment and financing system risk investment mechanism; Technology to accelerate the building of intermediary services for small and medium-sized technological innovation services.

2. 2.深化科研机构改革,建立现代科研院所制度 Deepen the reform of scientific research institutions, the establishment of a modern system of scientific research institutes

从事基础研究、前沿技术研究和社会公益研究的科研机构,是我国科技创新的重要力量。 Engaged in basic research, cutting-edge technology research and study of social welfare research institutes, our country are a major force in scientific and technological innovation.建设一支稳定服务于国家目标、献身科技事业的高水平研究队伍,是发展我国科学技术事业的希望所在。 Construction Services in the country a stable goal and dedicate themselves to the high level of science and technology research team, are the cause of science and technology development of our country hope.?­过多年的结构调整和人才分流等改革,我国已?­形成了一批精干的科研机构,国家要给予稳定支持。 After many years of structural adjustment and reform of human resources, such as triage, our country has developed a number of elite research institutions, to give stability to support the country.充分发挥这些科研机构的重要作用,必须以提高创新能力为目标,以健全机制为重点,进一步深化管理体制改革,加快建设“职责明确、评价科学、开放有序、管理规范”的现代科研院所制度。 These give full play to the important role of scientific research institutions, it is necessary to enhance innovation capacity, in order to focus on a sound mechanism to further deepen reform of the management system, speeding up the construction of "a clear duty to evaluate the scientific, open and orderly regulation" of modern scientific research institutes system.一要按照国家赋予的职责定位加强科研机构建设。 Want to give one of the country in accordance with the duty to strengthen the scientific research institution-building orientation.要切实改变目前部分科研机构职责定位不清、力量分散、创新能力不强的局面,优化资源配置,集中力量形成优势学科领域和研究基地。 We must change the current position some vague duty of scientific research institutions, scattered strength, innovation is not strong situation, optimizing the allocation of resources, focus on the formation of areas of strengths and research base.社会公益类科研机构要发挥行业技术优势,提高科技创新和服务能力,解决社会发展重大科技问题;基础科学、前沿技术科研机构要发挥学科优势,提高研究水平,取得理论创新和技术突破,解决重大科学技术问题。 The public-good type of scientific research institutions to play the technical advantages, enhance scientific and technological innovation and service capabilities to address the problem of major scientific and technological and social development; basic science and cutting-edge technology research institutions to exert discipline advantages, enhance the level of research, theoretical innovation and technology made a breakthrough in solving major questions of science and technology.二要建立稳定支持科研机构创新活动的科技投入机制。 Want to support the two research institutions to establish a stable investment in science and technology innovation mechanism of activity.学科和队伍建设、重大创新成果是长期持续努力的结果。 Interdisciplinary and team-building, major innovations are the result of long-term sustained effort.对从事基础研究、前沿技术研究和社会公益研究的科研机构,国家财政给予相对稳定支持。 Engaged in basic research, cutting-edge technology research and study of social welfare research institutions, state financial support given to the relative stability.根据科研机构的不同情况,提高人均事业?­费标准,支持需要长期积累的学科建设、基础性工作和队伍建设。 According to scientific research institutions in different situations, the cause of increase in per capita funding standards required to support the construction of long-term accumulation of disciplines, team work and foundation construction.三要建立有利于科研机构?­始创新的运行机制。 Has set up three to original innovation in scientific research institutions in favor of the operating mechanism.自主选题研究对科研机构提高?­始创新能力、培养人才队伍非常重要。 Independent research on topics of scientific research institutions to improve the original innovation, personnel training is very important.加强对科研机构开展自主选题研究的支持。 Strengthen the scientific research institutions to carry out research in support of their own choice.完善科研院所长负责制,进一步扩大科?性核诳萍季­费、人事制度等方面的决策自主权,提高科研机构内部创新活动的?­调集成能力?? Responsible for improving the scientific director of the hospital system, to further expand funding for research institutes in science and technology, personnel systems of decision-making autonomy, improve scientific research institutions within innovative integration capabilities to coordinate the activity.四要建立科研机构整体创新能力评价制度。 Four research institutes to set up evaluation system overall innovation capability.建立科学合理的综合评价体系,在科研成果质量、人才队伍建设、管理运行机制等方面对科研机构整体创新能力进行综合评价,促进科研机构提高管理水平和创新能力。 General set up scientific and reasonable evaluation system for scientific research at the quality of construction personnel, management, operation mechanism of the overall innovation of scientific research institutions capable of conducting a comprehensive evaluation of scientific research institutions to promote the management level and enhance innovation capabilities.五要建立科研机构开放合作的有效机制。 Five research institutes to set up an effective mechanism for cooperation and opening up.实行固定人员与流动人员相结合的用人制度。 With a fixed combination of floating personnel system.全面实行聘用制和岗位管理,面向全社会公开招聘科研和管理人才。 The full implementation of employment and job management, whole of society the open recruitment research and management personnel.通过建立有效机制,促进科研院所与企业和大学之间多种形式的联合,促进知识流动、人才培养和科技资源共享。 Through the establishment of an effective mechanism to promote scientific research institutes and universities and enterprises in various forms between the joint, promoting the flow of knowledge, personnel training and sharing of scientific and technological resources.

大学是我国培养高层次创新人才的重要基地,是我国基础研究和高技术领域?­始创新的主力军之一,是解决国民?­济重大科技问题、实现技术转移、成果转化的生力军。 University of our country are high-level innovative talents cultivate an important base for our country are the areas of basic research and high-tech innovation and original, one of the main force, the national economy are a major science and technology to solve problems, achieve technology transfer, the transformation of the force.加快建设一批高水平大学,特别是一批世界知名的高水平研究型大学,是我国加速科技创新、建设国家创新体系的需要。 Accelerate the construction of a number of high-level universities, in particular the high level group of world-renowned research universities, are our country to speed up scientific and technological innovation, national innovation system construction needs.我国已?­形成了一批规模适当、学科综合和人才汇聚的高水平大学,要充分发挥其在科技创新方面的重要?饔谩? China has developed a number of appropriate scale, the subject of comprehensive and high-level University of talents, it is necessary to give full play to its scientific and technological innovation at the important role.积极支持大学在基础研究、前沿技术研究、社会公益研究等领域的?­始创新。 The active support of basic research at universities, cutting-edge technology research, research in areas such as social welfare of the original innovation.鼓励、推动大学与企业和科研院所进行全面合作,加大为国家、区域和行业发展服务的力度。 To encourage and promote businesses and universities and research institutes to carry out comprehensive cooperation, increase for the national, regional and industry development efforts.加快大学重点学科和科技创新平台建设。 Speed up the key disciplines in universities and scientific and technological innovation platform.培养和汇聚一批具有国际领先水平的学科带头人,建设一支学风优良、富有创新精神和国际竞争力的高校教师队伍。 Together a number of training and the level of the world's leading academic leaders, and build a good style of study, innovative and international competitiveness of the college teachers.进一步加快大学内部管理体制的改革步伐。 Further speed up the university's internal management system reform.优化大学内部的教育结构和科技组织结构,创新运行机制和管理制度,建立科学合理的综合评价体系,建立有利于提高创新人才培养质量和创新能力,人尽其才、人才辈出的运行机制。 Optimize the structure of university education within the organizational structure of science and technology, innovative operational mechanism and management system, set up scientific and reasonable evaluation system set up is conducive to innovation and improve the quality of personnel training and innovation capacity, to make the best use, the operating mechanism for talented people.积极探索建立具有中国特色的现代大学制度。 Actively explore with Chinese characteristics, set up a modern university system.

3. 3.推进科技管理体制改革 Promote scientific and technological management system

针对当前我国科技宏观管理中存在的突出问题,推进科技管理体制改革,重点是健全国家科技决策机制,努力消除体制机制性障?­,加强部门之间、地方之间、部门与地方之间、军民之间的统筹?­调,切实提高整合科技资源、组织重大科技活动的能力。 In view of the current macro-management of China's scientific and technological problems that exist to promote science and technology management system, with emphasis on sound national science and technology decision-making mechanism, the efforts of institutional mechanisms for the elimination of barriers between departments, between places, between the department and place, the military and civilian co-ordination between, and effectively improve the integration of scientific and technological resources, organizational capacity of the major scientific and technological activities.一要建立健全国家科技决策机制。 1 National Science and Technology to set up a sound decision-making mechanism.完善国家重大科技决策议事程序,形成规范的咨询和决策机制。 Major national science and technology to improve decision-making procedure for the formation of norms and consultative decision-making mechanism.强化国家对科技发展的总体部署和宏观管理,加强对重大科技政策制定、重大科技计划实施和科技基础设施建设的统筹。 To strengthen national scientific and technological development of the overall deployment and macroeconomic management, strengthening of major science and technology policy formulation, implementation of major scientific and technological infrastructure, science and technology co-ordination.二要建立健全国家科技宏观?­调机制。 Two National Science and Technology to establish a sound macroeconomic coordination mechanisms.确立科技政策作为国家公共政策的基础地位,按照有利于促进科技创新、增强自主创新能力的目标,形成国家科技政策与?­济政策?­调互动的政策体系。 Science and Technology Policy to establish the foundation as a country the status of public policy, in accordance with the promotion of scientific and technological innovation, and enhance the capacity of independent innovation goal, the formation of national science and technology policy and economic policy coordination system for interactive policy.建立部门之间统筹配置科技资源的?­调机制。 Configuration set up co-ordination between the department of scientific and technological resources coordination mechanisms.加快国家科技行政管理部门职能转变,推进依法行政,提高宏观管理能力和服务水平。 National Science and Technology Department to speed up the administrative functions, and promote administration according to law, the macro-management capacity and improve service levels.改进计划管理方式,充分发挥部门、地方在计划管理和项目实施管理中的作用。 Management improvement plan, give full play to the department, local management in the planning and project implementation management.三要改革科技评审与评估制度。 Three to reform the system of technology assessment and evaluation.科技项目的评审要体现公正、公平、公开和鼓励创新的?­则,为各类人才特别是青年人才的脱颖而出创造条件。 Technology projects should reflect the assessment of a just, fair, open and encourage the principles of innovation for all kinds of talented people, especially young talents come to the fore to create the conditions.重大项目评审要体现国家目标。 Assessment of major projects aim to reflect the country.完善同行专家评审机制,建立评审专家信用制度,建立国际同行专家参与评议的机制,加强对评审过程的监督,扩大评审活动的公开化程度和被评审人的知情范围。 Improve the peer review mechanism, set up the credit system of evaluation experts, experts in the establishment of an international peer-evaluation mechanism to strengthen the supervision of the assessment process, and expand the public assessment of the degree of activity and people's knowledge of the scope of accreditation.对创新性强的小项目、非共识项目以及学科交叉项目给予特别关注和支持,注重对科技人员和团队素质、能力和研究水平的评价,鼓励?­始创新。 Of innovative small-scale projects and strong, non-consensus items, as well as interdisciplinary projects to give special attention and support, emphasis on scientific and technological personnel and team quality, ability, and the evaluation of the level of research and encouraging original innovation.建立国家重大科技计划、知识创新工程、自然科学基金资助计划等实施情况的独立评估制度。 Country set up a major IT projects, the knowledge innovation project, Natural Science Foundation of the implementation of funding schemes, such as a system of independent assessment.四要改革科技成果评价和奖励制度。 Fourth, the reform of scientific and technological achievements to the evaluation and reward system.要根据科技创新活动的不同特点,按照公开公正、科学规范、精简高效的?­则,完善科研评价制度和指标体系,改变评价过多过繁的现象,避免急功近利和短期行为。 Scientific and technological innovation according to the different characteristics of activity, in accordance with the open and fair, scientific and standardized, streamlined and efficient, we should improve the scientific evaluation system and target system, change the evaluation of the situation too complex to avoid a quick profit and short-term behavior.面向市场的应用研究和试验开发等创新活动,以获得自主知识产权及其对产业竞争力的贡献为评价重点;公益科研活动以满足公众需求和产生的社会效益为评价重点;基础研究和前沿科学探索以科学意义和学术价值为评价重点。 Market-oriented applied research and experimental development and other innovative activities in order to obtain their own intellectual property rights and its impact on industrial competitiveness for the evaluation of the contribution of focus; public R & D activities to meet the public demand and have a focus for the evaluation of social benefits; basic research and cutting-edge the scientific exploration of the scientific meaning and focus for the evaluation of academic value.建立适应不同性质科技工作的人才评价体系。 Technology set up to adapt to different job nature of the personnel evaluation system.改革国家科技奖励制度,减少奖励数量和奖励层次,突出政府科技奖励的重点,在实行对项目奖励的同时,注重对人才的奖励。 The reform of national science and technology system of incentives to reduce the number of incentives and rewards level, highlighting the focus of the Government Technology Award, in the implementation of the project award, the award focuses on human resources.鼓励和规范社会力量设奖。 To encourage and regulate the strength of society based awards.

4. 4.全面推进中国特色国家创新体系建设 Comprehensively promoting national innovation system with Chinese characteristics and construction

深化科技体制改革的目标是推进和完善国家创新体系建设。 Technology aim to deepen structural reform are to promote and improve the national innovation system.国家创新体系是以政府为主导、充分发挥市场配置资源的基础性作用、各类科技创新主体紧密联系和有效互动的社会系统。 National innovation system is dominated by the Government to give full play to the market in resource allocation of the basic role of the main types of scientific and technological innovation in close contact and effective interactive social system.现阶段,中国特色国家创新体系建设重点:一是建设以企业为主体、产学研结合的技术创新体系,并将其作为全面推进国家创新体系建设的突破口。 This stage, a national innovation system with Chinese characteristics, the focus of construction: First, with enterprises as the main construction, combination of technical innovation system, and as part of the comprehensive construction of a national innovation system of a breakthrough.只有以企业为主体,才能坚持技术创新的市场导向,有效整合产学研的力量,切实增强国家竞争力。 Only to enterprises as the mainstay of technological innovation in order to adhere to a market-oriented and effective integration of the forces of production, and effectively enhance national competitiveness.只有产学研结合,才能更有效配置科技资源,激发科研机构的创新活力,并使企业获得持续创新的能力。 Only the combination can be more effective allocation of scientific and technological resources to stimulate the innovation of scientific research institutions and enterprises the ability to continuously innovate.必须在大幅度提高企业自身技术创新能力的同时,建立科研院所与高等院校积极围绕企业技术创新需求服务、产学研多种形式结合的新机制。 Must be substantially enhance the capacity of enterprises in technological innovation at the same time, scientific research institutes and institutions of higher learning set up around the business to actively serve the needs of technological innovation, combined with production of a new mechanism in various forms.二是建设科学研究与高等教育有机结合的知识创新体系。 Two construction are the organic integration of scientific research and higher education in the knowledge innovation system.以建立开放、流动、竞争、?­作的运行机制为中心,促进科研院所之间、科研院所与高等院校之间的结合和资源集成。 To establish an open, mobile, competition, operating mechanisms of collaboration as the center, between the promotion of scientific research institutes, research institutes and institutions of higher education resources between the combination and integration.加强社会公益科研体系建设。 Social welfare system to strengthen the construction of scientific research.发展研究型大学。 The development of research universities.努力形成一批高水平的、资源共享的基础科学和前沿技术研究基地。 Efforts to form a number of high-level, resource sharing of basic science and cutting-edge technology research base.三是建设军民结合、寓军于民的国防科技创新体系。 Construction are combined with three soldiers and civilians, the military put the people's national defense science and technology innovation system.从宏观管理、发展战略和计划、研究开发活动、科技产业化等多个方面,促进军民科技的紧密结合,加强军民两用技术的开发,形成全国优秀科技力量服务国防科技创新、国防科技成果迅速向民用转化的良好格局。 From the macro management, development strategies and plans, research and development activities, science and technology in many areas such as industry, to promote close integration of military and civilian science and technology to enhance the development of dual-use technology to form a national force for excellence in technology and national defense science and technology innovation services, national defense, the rapid scientific and technological achievements transformation to a healthy pattern of civilian.四是建设各具特色和优势的区域创新体系。 Construction are four characteristics and advantages of the regional innovation system.充分结合区域?­济和社会发展的特色和优势,统筹规划区域创新体系和创新能力建设。 Fully integrated regional economic and social development of characteristics and advantages to co-ordinate the planning of regional innovation systems and innovation capacity-building.深化地方科技体制改革。 Deepen the reform of local science and technology.促进中央与地方科技力量的有机结合。 Central and local governments to promote the organic integration of science and technology strength.发挥高等院校、科研院所和国家高新技术产业开发区在区域创新体系中的重要作用,增强科技创新对区域?­济社会发展的支撑力度。 Exert higher education institutions, research institutes and the National Hi-Tech Industrial Development Zone in the regional innovation system to the important role of, and enhance scientific and technological innovation in the region to support economic and social development efforts.加强中、西部区域科技发展能力建设。 Strengthening the central and western regional science and technology capacity-building development.切实加强县(市)等基层科技体系建设。 Strengthen the county (city) and other grass-roots technology system.五是建设社会化、网络化的科技中介服务体系。 Friday is the construction of society, the network of science and technology intermediary service system.针对科技中介服务行业规模小、功能单一、服务能力薄弱?韧怀鑫侍猓罅ε嘤头⒄垢骼嗫萍贾薪榉窕埂? Science and technology intermediary services for small scale industries and functional single, service problems such as weak, vigorously nurturing and development of science and technology intermediary service agencies.充分发挥高等院校、科研院所和各类社团在科技中介服务中的重要作用。 Give full play to the colleges and universities, research institutes and various types of intermediary service organizations in science and technology to the important role.引导科技中介服务机构向专业化、规模化和规范化方向发展。 Technology guide intermediary organizations which provide services to specialization, standardization and scale direction.

 

Eight, a number of important policies and measures

为确保本纲要各项任务的落实,不仅要解决体制和机制问题,还必须制定和完善更加有效的政策与措施。 In order to ensure that the outline of the implementation of the mission, not only the systems and mechanisms to solve the problem, we must also formulate a more effective and improve the policies and measures.所有政策和措施都必须有利于增强自主创新能力,有利于激发科技人员的积极性和创造性,有利于充分利用国内外科技资源,有利于科技支撑和引领?­济社会的发展。 All policies and measures should be conducive to enhance the capability of independent innovation, science and technology will help to stimulate the enthusiasm and creativity will help make full use of scientific and technological resources at home and abroad, is conducive to scientific and technological support and lead the economic and social development.本纲要确定的科技政策和措施,是针对当前主要矛盾和突出问题而制定的,随着形势发展和本纲要实施进展情况,将不断加以丰富和完善。 To determine the outline of the science and technology policies and measures are the principal contradiction and the current problems developed, with the development of the situation and progress in the implementation of this outline, will continue to be enriched and perfected.

1. 1.实施激励企业技术创新的财税政策 Stimulate enterprises to implement fiscal and taxation policy of technological innovation

鼓励企业增加研究开发投入,增强技术创新能力。 Encourage enterprises to increase R & D investment, enhance the ability of technological innovation.加快实施消费型增值税,将企业购置的设备已征税款纳入增值税抵扣范围。 Speed up the implementation of consumption-based value-added tax, enterprise acquisition taxes imposed on the equipment included in the scope of tax deduction.在进一步落实国家关于促进技术创新、加速科技成果转化以及设备更新等各项税收优惠政策的基础上,积极鼓励和支持企业开发新产品、新工艺和新技术,加大企业研究开发投入的税前扣除等激励政策的力度,实施促进高新技术企业发展的税收优惠政策。 Further implement the country at about the promotion of technological innovation, accelerate the transformation of scientific and technological achievements, as well as equipment upgrades, such as preferential tax policies on the foundation to encourage and support enterprises to develop new products, new processes and new technologies, increase business investment in research and development tax After discounting the effect of incentive policies such as efforts to implement high-tech enterprises to promote the development of preferential taxation policies.结合企业所得税和企业财务制度改革,鼓励企业建立技术研究开发专项资金制度。 Combination of corporate income tax and corporate finance system, to encourage enterprises to set up special fund for technology research and development system.允许企业加速研究开发仪器设备的折旧。 Allows businesses to research and development to accelerate the depreciation of equipment.对购买先进科学研究仪器和设备给予必要税收扶持政策。 Advanced scientific research to purchase the necessary equipment and facilities to support tax policy.加大对企业设立海外研究开发机构的外汇和融资支持力度,提供对外投资便利和优质服务。 More overseas enterprises to set up R & D institutions of foreign exchange and financing support to provide convenience and quality of foreign investment.

全面贯彻落实《中华人民共和国中小企业促进法》,支持创办各种性质的中小企业,充分发挥中小企业技术创新的活力。 Comprehensive implementation of the "People's Republic of China SME Promotion Law," the nature of the support set up a variety of small and medium enterprises, give full play to the vitality of small and medium-sized technological innovation.鼓励和支持中小企业采取联合出资、共同委托等方式进行合作研究开发,对加快创新成果转化给予政策扶持。 Taken to encourage and support small and medium-sized co-financing, co-commissioned by such means as research and development cooperation, to accelerate innovations into policy support given.制定扶持中小企业技术创新的税收优惠政策。 Supporting Small and Medium Enterprises formulate preferential tax policies for technological innovation.

2. 2.加强对引进技术的消化、吸收和再创新 The introduction of technology to enhance digestion, absorption and re-innovation

完善和调整国家产业技术政策,加强对引进技术的消化、吸收和再创新。 Improve and adjust the state's industrial technology policy, the introduction of technology to enhance digestion, absorption and re-innovation.制定鼓励自主创新、限制盲目重复引进的政策。 Encourage the development of independent innovation, the introduction of restrictions on the policy of blind duplicate.

通过调整政府投资结构和重点,设立专项资金,用于支持引进技术的消化、吸收和再创新,支持重大技术装备研制和重大产业关键共性技术的研究开发。 By adjusting the structure and focus of government investment, the establishment of special funds to support the introduction of technology digestion, absorption and re-innovation, to support the development of major technologies and equipment for major industries and key technologies research and development.采取积极政策措施,多渠道增加投入,支持以企业为主体、产学研联合开展引进技术的消化、吸收和再创新。 Adopt a positive policy measures to increase multi-channel input and support to enterprises, research carried out jointly by the introduction of technology to digest, absorb and re-innovation.

把国家重大建设工程作为提升自主创新能力的重要载体。 Put the state's major construction projects to enhance the capability of independent innovation as an important carrier.通过国家重大建设工程的实施,消化吸收一批先进技术,攻克一批事关国家战略利益的关键技术,研制一批具有自主知识产权的重大装备和关键产品。 Major construction projects through the National implementation of a number of digestion and absorption of advanced technologies, to overcome a number of national strategic interests of the key technologies with independent intellectual property rights to develop a number of major equipment and key products.

3. 3.实施促进自主创新的政府采购 The implementation of the promotion of independent innovation in government procurement

制定《中华人民共和国政府采购法》实施细则,鼓励和保护自主创新。 The development of "People's Republic of China on Government Procurement Law" rules, to encourage independent innovation and protection.建立政府采购自主创新产品?­调机制。 Set up independent innovation products in government procurement coordination mechanisms.对国内企业开发的具有自主知识产权的重要高新技术装备和产品,政府实施首购政策。 Development of domestic enterprises with independent intellectual property rights of the important high-tech equipment and products, government procurement policies for the implementation of the first.对企业采购国产高新技术设备提供政策支持。 Made-to-business procurement policy to support high-tech equipment.通过政府采购,支持形成技术标准。 Through government procurement, to support the formation of technical standards.

4. 4.实施知识产权战略和技术标准战略 Implementation of strategies and technical standards for intellectual property strategy

保护知识产权,维护权利人利益,不仅是我国完善市场?­济体制、促进自主创新的需要,也是树立国际信用、开展国际合作的需要。 Protection of intellectual property rights, and safeguarding the interests of the rights of people not only in our country are improving the market economy system, the promotion of independent innovation, but also to establish an international credit, required international cooperation.要进一步完善国家知识产权制度,营造尊重和保护知识产权的法治环境,促进全社会知识产权意识和国家知识产权管理水平的提高,加大知识产权保护力度,依法严厉打击侵犯知识产权的各种行为。 To further improve the national IPR system, create a respect for the rule of law and protection of intellectual property rights environment, the promotion of the whole society and national awareness of intellectual property rights raise the level of intellectual property management, and increase intellectual property protection, and sternly crack down on infringement of intellectual property rights of various actors .同时,要建立对企业并购、技术交易等重大?­济活动知识产权特别审查机制,避免自主知识产权流失。 At the same time, it is necessary to set up for mergers and acquisitions, technology transactions and other major economic activities in particular the review of intellectual property mechanisms to avoid the loss of their own intellectual property rights.防止滥用知识产权而对正常的市场竞争机制造成不正当的限制,阻?­科技创新和科技成果的推广应用。 Prevent the abuse of intellectual property of the normal mechanism of market competition caused by improper restrictions on the way of technological innovation and application of scientific and technological achievements.将知识产权管理纳入科技管理全过程,充分利用知识产权制度提高我国科技创新水平。 Intellectual property management into the whole process of science and technology management to fully utilize the intellectual property system to increase the level of China's scientific and technological innovation.强化科技人员和科技管理人员的知识产权意识,推动企业、科研院所、高等院校重视和加强知识产权管理。 Strengthen the scientific and technical personnel and scientific and technological awareness of intellectual property rights management, promotion of enterprises, research institutes, institutions of higher education and strengthen intellectual property management.充分发挥行业?­会在保护知识产权方面的重要作用。 Give full play to the trade associations in the protection of the important role of intellectual property rights.建立健全有利于知识产权保护的从业资格制度和社会信用制度。 Establish and improve the protection of intellectual property rights in favor of the qualification system and social credit system.

根据国家战略需求和产业发展要求,以形成自主知识产权为目标,产生一批对?­济、社会和科技等发展具有重大意义的发明创造。 According to the demand for a national strategy and industrial development requirements, in order to form their own intellectual property rights for the goal, resulting in a number of economic, social, and science and technology of great significance to the development of inventions.组织以企业为主体的产学研联合攻关,并在专利申请、标准制定、国际贸易和合作等方面予以支持。 Organizations to enterprises as the mainstay of the research joint research and patent applications, standard-setting, international trade and cooperation to support it.

将形成技术标准作为国家科技计划的重要目标。 Technical standards will form a National Technology Plan as an important goal.政府主管部门、行业?­会等要加强对重要技术标准制定的指导?­调,并优先采用。 Government departments and trade associations to strengthen the essential technical standards to guide the development of coordination and priority.推动技术法规和技术标准体系建设,促使标准制定与科研、开发、设计、制造相结合,保证标准的先进性和效能性。 Promotion of technical regulations and technical standards system, to formulate standards and scientific research, development, design, manufacture combine to ensure that standards and performance of the advanced nature.引导产、学、研各方面共同推进国家重要技术标准的研究、制定及优先采用。 To guide industry, academia, research all aspects of essential common technical standards for the promotion of national research, development and give priority to the use.积极参与国际标准的制定,推动我国技术标准成为国际标准。 To participate actively in the formulation of international standards, and promote technical standards for our country to become international standards.加强技术性贸易措施体系建设。 Technical trade measures to strengthen the system.

5. 5.实施促进创新创业的金融政策 Innovation and entrepreneurship to promote the implementation of monetary policy

建立和完善创业风险投资机制,起草和制定促进创业风险投资健康发展的法律法规及相关政策。 Set up and perfect the mechanism of venture capital business, drafting and development of venture capital to promote the healthy development of business laws and regulations and related policies.积极推进创业板市场建设,建立加速科技产业化的多层次资本市场体系。 Actively promote the construction of GEM, set up to accelerate the industrialization of science and technology of multi-level capital market system.鼓励有条件的高科技企业在国内主板和中小企业板上市。 Encourage qualified high-tech enterprises and small and medium enterprises in the Mainland Market motherboard.努力为高科技中小企业在海外上市创造便利条件。 Efforts to high-tech SMEs in the creation of favorable conditions for overseas listing.为高科技创业风险投资企业跨境资金运作创造更加宽松的金融、外汇政策环境。 Risk for high-tech venture capital investment in cross-border operation of enterprises and create a more relaxed financial, foreign exchange policy environment.在国家高新技术产业开发区内,开展对未上市高新技术企业股权流通的试点工作。 High-tech Industrial Development Zone in the country, the conduct of high-tech enterprises unlisted shares of the experimental work flow.逐步建立技术产权交易市场。 The gradual establishment of property rights trading market.探索以政府财政资金为引导,政策性金融、商业性金融资金投入为主的方式,采取积极措施,促进更多资本进入创业风险投资市场。 To explore the financial capital of the government guidance, policy and finance, commercial finance mainly in the form of capital investment, to take positive measures to promote greater access to venture capital venture capital market.建立全国性的科技创业风险投资行业自律组织。 Technology start-ups set up a national venture capital industry self-regulatory organization.鼓励金融机构对国家重大科技产业化项目、科技成果转化项目等给予优惠的信贷支持,建立健全鼓励中小企业技术创新的知识产权信用担保制度和其他信用担保制度,为中小企业融资创造良好条件。 To encourage financial institutions to major national scientific and technological industrialization projects, scientific and technological achievements into the project, such as preferential credit support to encourage SMEs to set up a sound technological innovation credit guarantee system for intellectual property and other credit guarantee system for small and medium enterprises to create good conditions for financing.搭建多种形式的科技金融合作平台,政府引导各类金融机构和民间资金参与科技开发。 Technology set up various forms of financial co-operation platform for the Government to guide various types of financial institutions and private capital to participate in scientific and technological development.鼓励金融机构改善和加强对高新技术企业,特别是对科技型中小企业的金融服务。 To encourage financial institutions to improve and strengthen the high-tech enterprises, especially small and medium-sized technology-based financial services.鼓励保险公司加大产品和服务创新力度,为科技创新提供全面的风险保障。 To encourage insurance companies to increase product and service innovation, for scientific and technological innovation provide a full range of risk protection.

6. 6.加速高新技术产业化和先进适用技术的推广 Accelerate the high-tech industries and advanced technologies

把推进高新技术产业化作为调整?­济结构、转变?­济增长方式的一个重点。 To promote high-tech industries as the adjustment of economic structure, change the mode of economic growth a priority.积极发展对?­济增长有突破性重大带动作用的高新技术产业。 Positive development to economic growth have a major breakthrough leading role of high-tech industries.

优化高新技术产业化环境。 Optimization of high-tech industry environment.继续加强国家高新技术产业开发区等产业化基地建设。 Continue to strengthen the National Hi-Tech Industrial Development Zone, base construction and other industries.制定有利于促进国家高新技术产业开发区发展并带动周边地区发展的政策。 Conducive to promoting the development of National Hi-Tech Industrial Development Zone to develop and promote the development of policies surrounding areas.构建技术交流与技术交易信息平台,对国家大学科技园、科技企业孵化基地、生产力促进中心、技术转移中心等科技中介服务机构开展的技术开发与服务活动给予政策扶持。 Construction of technical information exchange and technical trading platform, the National University of Science and Technology Parks, Technology Business Incubation Base, Productivity Promotion Center, Technology Transfer Center for Technology and other service agencies to carry out technology development activities and policy support services.

加大对农业技术推广的支持力度。 Increase agricultural extension support.建立面向农村推广先进适用技术的新机制。 Set up for the advanced and applicable technologies in rural areas to promote a new mechanism.把农业科技推广成就作为科技奖励的重要内容,建立农业技术推广人员的职业资格认证制度,激励科技人员以多种形式深入农业生产第一线开展技术推广活动。 To promote the achievements of agricultural science and technology incentives as an important aspect of science and technology, agricultural extension staff set up the professional qualification certification system, incentive-depth scientific and technical personnel in various forms of agricultural production in the first line of technical activities.设立农业科技成果转化和推广专项资金,促进农村先进适用技术的推广,支持农村各类人才的技术革新和发明创造。 The establishment of agriculture and promotion of scientific and technological achievements into special funds to promote advanced and applicable technologies in rural areas to promote and support all kinds of talented people in rural areas of technological innovations and inventions.国家对农业科技推广实行分类指导,分类支持,鼓励和支持多种模式的、社会化的农业技术推广组织的发展,建立多元化的农业技术推广体系。 Country to promote the implementation of agricultural science and technology guidance, classification support, encourage and support a variety of models of society to promote agricultural technology development organizations, set up a wide range of agricultural technology extension system.

支持面向行业的关键、共性技术的推广应用。 Support for key industries, promote the use of common technology.制定有效的政策措施,支持产业竞争前技术的研究开发和推广应用,重点加大电子信息、生物、制造业信息化、新材料、环保、节能等关键技术的推广应用,促进传统产业的改造升级。 Formulate effective policy measures to support pre-competitive technology industry research and development and application, focusing on increasing electronic information, biotechnology, manufacturing information technology, new materials, environmental protection, energy saving, such as the popularization and application of key technologies, and promote the transformation of traditional industries to upgrade .加强技术工程化平台、产业化示范基地和中间试验基地建设。 Platform to strengthen the technical engineering, industrialization demonstration base and intermediate test base construction.

7. 7.完善军民结合、寓军于民的机制 Perfect combination of military and civilian, the military put a mechanism in the public

加强军民结合的统筹和?­调。 Combination of strengthening military co-ordination and co-ordination.改革军民分离的科技管理体制,建立军民结合的新的科技管理体制。 Reform and the separation of military and civilian science and technology management system, set up a new combination of military and civilian science and technology management system.鼓励军口科研机构承担民用科技任务;国防研究开发工作向民口科研机构和企业开放;扩大军品采购向民口科研机构和企业采购的范围。 I research institutions to encourage the military to assume the task of civilian science and technology; national defense research and development work to the people I open up scientific research institutions and enterprises; the expansion of military procurement to the public research institutions and enterprises mouth of the scope of procurement.改革相关管理体制和制度,保障非军工科研企事业单位平等参与军事装备科研和生产的竞争。 Reform the management system and system to protect non-military research and equal participation of enterprises and institutions of scientific research and production of military equipment competition.建立军民结合、军民共用的科技基础条件平台。 Combined military and civilian set up, soldiers and civilians shared the basic conditions for science and technology platform.

建立适应国防科研和军民两用科研活动特点的新机制。 Set up to adapt to national defense scientific research and the characteristics of dual-use research a new mechanism.统筹部署和?­调军民基础研究,加强军民高技术研究开发力量的集成,建立军民有效互动的?­作机制,实现军用产品与民用产品研制生产的?­调,促进军民科技各环节的有机结合。 Co-ordinate the deployment and coordination of military and civilian basic research, strengthen the military and civilian high-tech research and development of integrated, interactive set up an effective military and civilian coordination mechanism, implementation of military products to develop and produce civilian products and the coordination of military and civilian science and technology to promote the organic integration of the aspect.

8. 8.扩大国际和地区科技合作与交流 The expansion of international and regional scientific and technological cooperation and exchanges

增强国家自主创新能力,必须充分利用对外开放的有利条件,扩大多种形式的国际和地区科技合作与交流。 Strengthening national capacity for independent innovation, we must make full use of favorable conditions for opening up and expanding various forms of international and regional scientific and technological cooperation and exchanges.

鼓励科研院所、高等院校与海外研究开发机构建立联合实验室或研究开发中心。 To encourage scientific research institutes, universities and overseas research and development institutions set up joint laboratories or research and development centers.支持在双边、多边科技合作?­议框架下,实施国际合作项目。 Supported in bilateral and multilateral scientific and technological cooperation under the framework agreement, the implementation of international cooperation projects.建立内地与港、澳、台的科技合作机制,加强沟通与交流。 Set up between the Mainland and Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan in science and technology cooperation mechanism to strengthen communication and exchanges.

支持我国企业“走出去”。 To support the Chinese enterprises "going out."扩大高新技术及其产品的出口,鼓励和支持企业在海外设立研究开发机构或产业化基地。 Expand the export of high and new technology and its products, to encourage and support enterprises in overseas research and development institutions or industrial base.

积极主动参与国际大科学工程和国际学术组织。 Active participation in international scientific projects and international academic organizations.支持我国科学家和科研机构参与或牵头组织国际和区域性大科学工程。 Supporting scientists and research institutions in China to participate in or lead the organization of international and regional scientific projects.建立培训制度,提高我国科学家参与国际学术交流的能力,支持我国科学家在重要国际学术组织中担任领导职务。 Set up training systems, improve our country scientists to participate in international academic exchanges, and support scientists in our country an important international academic organizations in positions of leadership.鼓励跨国公司在华设立研究开发机构。 To encourage transnational corporations to set up research and development institutions.提供优惠条件,在我国设立重要的国际学术组织或办事机构。 Provide preferential terms, the establishment of our country at an important international academic organizations, or offices.

9. 9.提高全民族科学文化素质,营造有利于科技创新的社会环境 Enhance scientific and cultural qualities of the whole nation, create a favorable social environment for scientific and technological innovation

实施全民科学素质行动计划。 Scientific quality of the implementation of universal plan of action.以促进人的全面发展为目标,提高全民科学文化素质。 To promote all-round development of people as the goal, to improve scientific and cultural qualities of the people.在全社会大力弘扬科学精神,宣传科学思想,推广科学方法,普及科学知识。 Which are full of the spirit of science to promote scientific thinking, and promote scientific methods, the popularization of scientific knowledge.加强农村科普工作,逐步建立提高农民技术和职业技能的培训体系。 Strengthening of rural science job, and gradually improve the peasants set up technical and vocational skills training system.组织开展多种形式和系统性的校内外科学探索和科学体验活动,加强创新教育,培养青少年创新意识和能力。 Organizations in various forms and systematic scientific exploration of the internal and external experience and scientific activity, to strengthen innovation in education, innovation and cultivate the ability of young people.加强各级干部和公务员的科技培训。 Cadres and civil servants at all levels of IT training.

加强国家科普能力建设。 Strengthening national capacity-building in science.合理布局并切实加强科普场馆建设,提高科普场馆运营质量。 Rational distribution and strengthen the construction of science facilities, improve the quality of science operations facilities.建立科研院所、大学定期向社会公众开放制度。 Set up research institutes, universities regularly open to the public system.在科技计划项目实施中加强与公众沟通交流。 In science and technology projects to enhance the implementation of communication with the public.繁荣科普创作,打造优秀科普品牌。 Popular science writing and prosperity, to create excellent brand of popular science.鼓励著名科学家及其他专家学者参与科普创作。 Encourage the well-known scientists and other experts and scholars to participate in popular science writing.制定重大科普作品选题规划,扶持?­创性科普作品。 Major works of popular science topics formulate planning, supporting original works of popular science.在高校设立科技传播专业,加强对科普的基础性理论研究,培养专业化科普人才。 Technology dissemination at major colleges and universities to establish and strengthen the basic science of theoretical research, cultivate specialized talents of popular science.

建立科普事业的良性运行机制。 Popular Science set up a benign cause of operating mechanism.加强政府部门、社会团体、大型企业等各方面的优势集成,促进科技界、教育界和大众媒体之间的?­作。 Strengthening of government departments, social organizations, and other large enterprises the advantages of integration, the promotion of industry, education and collaboration between the mass media.鼓励?­营性科普文化产业发展,放宽民间和海外资金发展科普产业的准入限制,制定优惠政策,形成科普事业的多元化投入机制。 Of science to encourage the development of cultural industries, the relaxation of the development of private and foreign capital access restrictions science industry, formulate preferential policies to diversify the cause of the formation of popular input mechanism.推进公益性科普事业体制与机制改革,激发活力,提高服务意识,增强可持续发展能力。 Promote the public welfare system and mechanism for the cause of popular reform, to stimulate vitality, enhance service awareness, and enhance capacity for sustainable development.

 

Nine, science and technology input and basic conditions for science and technology platform

科技投入和科技基础条件平台,是科技创新的物质基础,是科技持续发展的重要前提和根本保障。 Investment in science and technology conditions, science and technology basic platform, are the material basis of scientific and technological innovation, science and technology are an important prerequisite for sustainable development and the fundamental guarantee.今天的科技投入,就是对未来国家竞争力的投资。 Today's investment in science and technology is the future investment in the country's competitiveness.改革开放以来,我国科技投入不断增长,但与我国科技事业的大发展和全面建设小康社会的重大需求相比,与发达国家和新兴工业化国家相比,我国科技投入的总量和强度仍显不足,投入结构不尽合理,科技基础条件薄弱。 Since reform and opening up, China's investment in science and technology is growing, but the major cause of China's scientific and technological development and the comprehensive construction of a significant demand for well-off society in comparison with developed countries and newly industrialized countries, China's total investment in science and technology and intensity of the still inadequate into the structure is not quite rational, scientific and technological base is weak conditions.当今发达国家和新兴工业化国家,都把增加科技投入作为提高国家竞争力的战略举措。 Today's developed countries and newly industrialized countries, have increased investment in science and technology enhance national competitiveness as a strategic move.我国必须审时度势,从增强国家自主创新能力和核心竞争力出发,大幅度增加科技投入,加强科技基础条件平台建设,为完成本纲要提出的各项重大任务提供必要的保障。 Our country must assess the situation and from country to enhance the capability of independent innovation and core competitiveness, the substantial increase in investment in science and technology to strengthen the basic conditions for science and technology platform, in order to achieve the outline of the major tasks to provide the necessary protection.

1. 1.建立多元化、多渠道的科技投入体系 To establish a diversified, multi-channel system for science and technology investment

充分发挥政府在投入中的引导作用,通过财政直接投入、税收优惠等多种财政投入方式,增强政府投入调动全社会科技资源配置的能力。 Give full play to the Government in the lead role of input through direct investment in financial, tax incentives and other means of financial investment, and enhance Government's investment in scientific and technological resources to mobilize the whole society's ability to configure.国家财政投入主要用于支持市场机制不能有效解决的基础研究、前沿技术研究、社会公益研究、重大共性关键技术研究等公共科技活动,并引导企业和全社会的科技投入。 National financial investment is mainly used to support the market mechanism is not an effective solution of the basic research, cutting-edge technological research, social welfare research, the major key technologies in common, such as public science and technology activities, and guide corporate and investment in science and technology society as a whole.中央和地方各级政府要按照《中华人民共和国科学技术进步法》的要求,在编制年初预算和预算执行中的超收分配时,都要体现法定增长的要求,保证科技?­费的增长幅度明显?哂诓普­常性收入的增长幅度,逐步提高国家财政性科技投入占国内生产总值的比例。 Central and local governments at all levels in accordance with the "People's Republic of China Law on Scientific and Technological Progress," and the beginning of the year in the preparation of budgets and budget performance in the distribution of the surplus, the growth should reflect the statutory requirements, to ensure that the growth rate of science and technology funding was significantly higher than regular financial revenue growth, and gradually improve the state's financial investment in science and technology of the gross domestic product ratio.要结合国家财力情况,统筹安排规划实施所需?­费,切实保障重大专项的顺利实施。 Financial situation in line with the state to co-ordinate the arrangements for planning the implementation of requirements to guarantee the smooth implementation of major projects.国家继续加强对重大科技基础设施建设的投入,在中央和地方建设投资中作为重点予以支持。 Country continue to strengthen the infrastructure construction of major scientific and technological input at the central and local investment in construction as a key support.在政府增加科技投入的同时,强化企业科技投入主体的地位。 Government to increase investment in science and technology at the same time, investment in science and technology and strengthen the position of the main.总之,通过多方面的努力,使我国全社会研究开发投入占国内生产总值的比例逐年提高,到2010年达到2%,到2020年达到2.5%以上。 In short, through a wide range of efforts to make our country the research and development of society as a whole into account the proportion of gross domestic product increase over the years 2010 to reach 2 percent by 2020 to reach more than 2.5%.

2. 2.调整和优化投入结构,提高科技?­费使用效益 Adjust and optimize the investment structure, and improve efficiency in the use of science and technology funding

加强对基础研究、前沿技术研究、社会公益研究以及科技基础条件和科学技术普及的支持。 Strengthen basic research, cutting-edge technological research, social welfare research, as well as basic conditions for science and technology popularization of science and technology support.合理安排科研机构(基地)正常运转?­费、科研项目?­费、科技基础条件?­费等的比例,加大对基础研究和社会公益类科研机构的稳定投入力度,将科普?­费列入同级财政预算,逐步提高科普投入水平。 Reasonable arrangements for scientific research institutions (the base) the normal operation of funds, research funding, science and technology funding for basic conditions, such as the ratio of basic research and increase the public-good type of scientific research institutions of a stable investment, science funding will be included in the budget at the same level, and gradually improve the level of scientific input.建立和完善适应科学研究规律和科技工作特点的科技?­费管理制度,按照国家预算管理的规定,提高财政资金使用的规范性、安全性和有效性。 The establishment and improvement of the law to adapt to scientific research and technological characteristics of the job management system of science and technology funding, in accordance with the provisions of the state budget management, improve the financial norms of the use of funds, the safety and efficacy.提高国家科技计划管理的公开性、透明度和公正性,逐步建立财政科技?­费的预算绩效评价体系,建立健全相应的评估和监督管理机制。 National Science and Technology plans to improve the management of openness, transparency and impartiality, and gradually set up the Financial Technology budget funds performance evaluation system, establish and improve the assessment and supervision and management mechanism.

3. 3.加强科技基础条件平台建设 Technology platform to strengthen the basic conditions for construction

科技基础条件平台是在信息、网络等技术支撑下,由研究实验基地、大型科学设施和仪器装备、科学数据与信息、自然科技资源等组成,通过有效配置和共享,服务于全社会科技创新的支撑体系。 Are basic conditions for science and technology in the information platform, network and other technical support under the experimental base for research, large-scale scientific facilities and equipment, scientific data and information, such as the composition of natural science and technology resources through the effective allocation and sharing, the whole society in Technology Services innovation support system.科技基础条件平台建设重点是: Construction Technology Platforms focus on basic conditions are:

国家研究实验基地。 National Research Laboratory base.根据国家重大战略需求,在新兴前沿交叉领域和具有我国特色和优势的领域,主要依托国家科研院所和研究型大学,建设若干队伍强、水平高、学科综合交叉的国家实验室和其他科学研究实验基地。 According to a major strategic country needs at the forefront of the emerging cross-cutting areas and features and advantages of our country areas, mainly based on national research institutes and research universities, a number of team-building, and a high level of cross-disciplinary national laboratory and other scientific research experimental base.加强国家重点实验室建设,不断提高其运行和管理的整体水平。 To strengthen the State Key Laboratory of construction, and constantly improve its operation and management of the overall level.构建国家野外科学观测研究台站网络体系。 Construction of the wild country of scientific observation and research station network.

大型科学工程和设施。 Large-scale scientific projects and facilities.重视科学仪器与设备对科学研究的作用,加强科学仪器设备及检测技术的自主研究开发。 Great importance to scientific instruments and equipment on the role of scientific research to strengthen the scientific instruments and detection equipment technology research and development independently.建设若干大型科学工程和基础设施,包括在高性能计算、大型空气动力研究试验和极端条件下进行科学实验等方面的大科学工程或大型基础设施。 Construction of large-scale scientific projects and infrastructure, including high-performance computing, large-scale aerodynamic testing and research carried out under extreme conditions such areas as scientific experiments scientific projects or large-scale infrastructure.推进大型科学仪器、设备、设施的共享与建设,逐步形成全国性的共享网络。 Promote large-scale scientific instruments, equipment, facilities sharing and construction, and gradually form a national network of sharing.

科学数据与信息平台。 Scientific data and information platform.充分利用现代信息技术手段,建设基于科技条件资源信息化的数字科技平台,促进科学数据与文献资源的共享,构建网络科研环境,面向全社会提供服务,推动科学研究手段、方式的变革。 Make full use of modern information technology, construction technology based on the conditions of the digital information resources, technology platforms, scientific data and literature to promote the sharing of resources, build a network of scientific research environment, the provision of services whole of society, and promote scientific research tools, methods change.

自然科技资源服务平台。 Technology platform for natural resource services.建立完备的植物、动物种质资源,微生物菌种和人类遗传资源,以及实验材料,标本、岩矿化石等自然科技资源保护与利用体系。 Complete set up of plant, animal germplasm resources, microbial strains and human genetic resources, as well as the experimental materials, specimens, fossils and other natural rock and mineral resources protection and utilization of science and technology system.

国家标准、计量和检测技术体系。 National standards, metrology and testing technology system.研究制定高精确度和高稳定性的计量基标准和标准物质体系,以及重点领域的技术标准,完善检测实验室体系、认证认可体系及技术性贸易措施体系。 Research to develop high-precision and high stability of the measurement standards and standard-based material system, as well as the priority areas of technical standards and improve the system of testing laboratories, certification and accreditation system technical trade measures system.

4. 4.建立科技基础条件平台的共享机制 Technology set up the basic conditions of the platform-sharing mechanisms

建立有效的共享制度和机制是科技基础条件平台建设取得成效的关键和前提。 Set up effective systems and mechanisms for sharing are basic conditions for science and technology platform, the key to successful construction and premise.根据“整合、共享、完善、提高”的?­则,借鉴国外成功?­验,制定各类科技资源的标准规范,建立促进科技资源共享的政策法规体系。 According to "integrate, share, improve, improve" principle, the successful experience from abroad, all kinds of scientific and technological resources to develop standards and norms, set up to promote science and technology policies and regulations on resource sharing system.针对不同类型科技条件资源的特点,采用灵活多样的共享模式,打破当前条块分割、相互封闭、重复分散的格局。 Technology requirements for different types of resources the characteristics of the shared use of flexible and diverse patterns, to break the current fragmentation, mutual closed duplicate the pattern of spread.

 

Ten, construction personnel

科技创新,人才为本。 Technology innovation, human-centered.人才资源已成为最重要的战略资源。 Human resources has become the most important strategic resource.要实施人才强国战略,切实加强科技人才队伍建设,为实施本纲要提供人才保障。 The implementation of this strategy to effectively strengthen the building of science and technology personnel for the implementation of this outline to provide personnel protection.

1. 1.加快培养造就一批具有世界前沿水平的高级专家 Speed up the training of a large number of world experts in the forefront of advanced level

要依托重大科研和建设项目、重点学科和科研基地以及国际学术交流与合作项目,加大学科带头人的培养力度,积极推进创新团队建设。 To rely on scientific research and construction of major projects, key disciplines and scientific research base, as well as international academic exchanges and cooperation projects, to increase the cultivation of academic leaders, and actively promote the innovation and team building.注重发现和培养一批战略科学家、科技管理专家。 Focus on strategies to discover and cultivate a group of scientists, experts in science and technology management.对核心技术领域?母呒蹲乙敌刑厥庹摺? Core technology of high-level experts in the field of special policies to implement.进一步破除科学研究中的论资排辈和急功近利现象,抓紧培养造就一批中青年高级专家。 Get rid of further scientific research and immediate situation of seniority, pay close attention to cultivate a large number of young and middle-aged senior experts.改进和完善职称制度、院士制度、政府特殊津贴制度、博士后制度等高层次人才制度,进一步形成培养选拔高级专家的制度体系,使大批优秀拔尖人才得以脱颖而出。 Improve and perfect the title system, Academy of Sciences system, the system of special government allowances, such as post-doctoral system-level personnel system, further training and selection of high-level experts to form the system so that a large number of excellent top-notch talent to come to the fore.

2. 2.充分发挥教育在创新人才培养中的重要作用 Give full play to cultivate innovative talents of education in the important role of

加强科技创新与人才培养的有机结合,鼓励科研院所与高等院校合作培养研究型人才。 To strengthen scientific and technological innovation with an organic combination of training, encouraging cooperation between research institutes and universities cultivate research talent.支持研究生参与或承担科研项目,鼓励本科生投入科研工作,在创新实践中培养他们的探索兴趣和科学精神。 Commitment to support graduate student participation in research projects or to encourage undergraduates into research, innovative practice in training to explore their interests and the scientific spirit.高等院校要适应国家科技发展战略和市场对创新人才的需求,及时合理地设置一些交叉学科、新兴学科并调整专业结构。 Institutions of higher learning to meet the national science and technology development strategy and market demand for innovative, timely and reasonable to set up a number of cross-disciplinary, emerging disciplines, and major structural adjustments.加强职业教育、继续教育与培训,培养适应?­济社会发展需求的各类实用技术专业人才。 Strengthening vocational education, continuing education and training, training needs to adapt to economic and social development of all kinds of practical technology professionals.要深化中小学教学内容和方法的改革,全面推进素质教育,提高科学文化素养。 Want to deepen the teaching content and methods of primary and secondary school reform, comprehensively promote quality education, improve science and culture.

3. 3.支持企业培养和吸引科技人才 Supporting enterprises cultivate and attract talents

国家鼓励企业聘用高层次科技人才和培养优秀科技人才,并给予政策支持。 The state encourages enterprises to employ the high-level scientific and technological talents and technological talent to cultivate, and to give policy support.鼓励和引导科研院所和高等院校的科技人员进入市场创新创业。 Encourage and guide the scientific research institutes and institutions of higher learning in science and technology innovation into the market.允许高等院校和科研院所的科技人员到企业兼职进行技术开发。 Permit institutions of higher learning and scientific research institutes of scientific and technical personnel to part-time for technology development enterprise.引导高等院校毕业生到企业就业。 Graduates from colleges and universities to guide enterprises.鼓励企业与高等院校和科研院所共同培养技术人才。 Encourage the enterprises and institutions of higher learning and scientific research institutes and technical personnel co-culture.多方式、多渠道培养企业高层次工程技术人才。 Many ways, multi-channel businesses cultivate high-level engineering and technical personnel.允许国有高新技术企业对技术骨干和管理骨干实施期权等激励政策,探索建立知识、技术、管理等要素参与分配的具体办法。 Permit high-tech enterprise of state-owned backbone of technology and management options, such as the backbone of the implementation of incentive policies, set up to explore the knowledge, technology, management and other elements involved in the specific method for distribution.支持企业吸引和招聘外籍科学家和工程师。 Supporting enterprises to attract and recruit foreign scientists and engineers.

4. 4.加大吸引留学和海外高层次人才工作力度 Increase to attract overseas students and overseas high-level personnel work

制定和实施吸引优秀留学人才回国工作和为国服务计划,重点吸引高层次人才和紧缺人才。 The formulation and implementation of human resources to attract talented students to return work and service plan for the country, focusing on attracting high-level personnel and the shortage of qualified personnel.采取多种方式,建立符合留学人员特点的引才机制。 Take a variety of ways, set up in line with the characteristics of students cited only mechanism.加大对高层次留学人才回国的资助力度。 Increase high-level talents studying abroad return to the funding efforts.大力加强留学人员创业基地建设。 Vigorously strengthen the building of students studying entrepreneurship base.健全留学人才为国服务的政策措施。 Able-bodied personnel to serve the country to study policies and measures.加大高层次创新人才公开招聘力度。 Increase high-level open recruitment innovation efforts.实验室主任、重点科研机构学术带头人以及其他高级科研岗位,逐步实行海内外公开招聘。 Laboratory Director, focusing on academic research institutions, as well as other senior leaders in scientific research positions, the progressive introduction of open recruitment at home and abroad.实行有吸引力的政策措施,吸引海外高层次优秀科技人才和团队来华工作。 Attraction has implemented policies and measures to attract overseas high-level of technological talent and team work in China.

5 Construction is conducive to the growth of creative talents and cultural environment

 Advocacy fight ahead, conscious of the patriotic spirit of dedication, pragmatic and innovative spirit of science, unity, cooperation and team spirit indifferent to fame and wealth.提倡理性怀疑和批判,尊重个性,宽容失败,倡导学术自由和民主,鼓励敢于探索、勇于冒尖,大胆提出新的理论和学说。 Promotion of rational skepticism and criticism, respect for individuality, tolerance of failure and advocate of academic freedom and democracy, to encourage the courage to explore,冒尖the courage to boldly put forward a new theory and doctrine.激发 Stimulate creative thinking, active academic atmosphere, and strive to create a relaxed, harmonious, healthy and progressive culture of innovation.加强科研职Strengthen the construction of professional ethics of scientific research, scientific and technological research to curb the impetuosity of adverse climate and academic culture.

The implementation of the national medium and long-term scientific and technological development program, covers a wide range, time span, and demanding, it is necessary to strengthen organization and leadership and co-ordination, take effective measures to ensure the implementation of the mission.一是加强本纲要与“十一五”国民?­济和社会发展规划的衔接。 The first is to strengthen the outline and the "Eleventh Five-Year" for national economic and social development planning interface.为增强纲要的可操作性,当前要将纲要的有关内容按照轻重缓急,做好与“十一五”国民?­济和社会发展规划紧密结合,包括优先主题、重大专项、前沿技术、基础研究、基础条件平台建设和科技体制改革等,从中遴选出需要立即起步或在“十一五”期间急需解决的重点任务,抓紧在“十一五”国民?­济和社会发展规划中做出具体安排和部署。 To enhance the operability of the outline, the current to outline priorities in accordance with the relevant content, do a good job with the "Eleventh Five-Year" for national economic and social development planning in close connection with, including the priority themes, major projects, cutting-edge technology, basic research, basic conditions platform, such as construction, science and technology system reform, which required the selection of a starting immediately or in the "Eleventh Five-Year" period the focus of the urgent need to address mission and lose no time in the "Eleventh Five-Year" national economic and social development to make specific arrangements for planning and deployment.二是制定若干配套政策。 The second is the development of a number of supporting policies.纲要确定的发展目标、重点任务及政策措施,是带有方向性和指导性的,需要制定若干切实可行、操作性强的配套政策。 Determine the outline of the development goals, mission and focus on policies and measures, are the direction and guidance with the need to formulate a number of practical, operational supporting policies.包括:支持企业成为技术创新主体的政策,促进对引进技术消化、吸收和再创新的政策,激励自主创新的政府采购政策,加大科技投入、提高资金使用效益的政策,深化科技体制改革、推进国家创新体系建设的政策,加速高新技术产业化的政策,加强科技人才队伍建设的政策,促进军民结合、寓军于民的政策等。 Include: support for enterprises that have become the mainstay of technological innovation policies to promote the introduction of technology digestion, absorption and re-innovation policy and encourage independent innovation in government procurement policies, increased investment in science and technology, enhance efficiency in the use of funds policy, deepen the science and technology system, promoting the national innovation system construction policies and speed up high-tech industrialization policies, and strengthen the building of science and technology personnel policies to promote the military and civilian combined, put the military in public policy.上述政策要责成有关部门牵头、相关部门参加,在充分调查研究的基础上,使科技政策与产业、金融、财税等?­济政策相互?­调、紧密结合,并抓紧出台实施。 These policies should be instructed relevant departments to take the lead, take part in the relevant department, in the full investigation and research on basic to science and technology policy and industrial, financial, taxation and other economic policies are coordinated closely with, and pay close attention to introduction of the implementation.三是建立纲要实施的动态调整机制。 Outline three are set up to implement the dynamic adjustment mechanism.鉴于世界科学技术发展迅猛,国内?­济社会发展不断变化,要在?­济社会分析、技术预测和定期评估的基础上,建立纲要实施的动态调整机制。 In view of the rapid development of science and technology world, the domestic economic and social development in the ever-changing, it is necessary to economic and social analysis, technology forecasting and periodic assessment, based on the outline set up to implement the dynamic adjustment mechanism.纲要确定的发展目标和重点任务,要根据国内外科技发展的新趋势、新突破和我国?­济社会发展的新需求,进行及时的、必要的调整,有的要充实加强,有的要适当调整。 Determine the outline of the development goals and priorities, both at home and abroad in accordance with the new trend of technological development, new breakthroughs in our country's economic and social development and the new demands for timely and necessary adjustments, and some want to strengthen the full, some want an appropriate adjustment.四是加强对纲要实施的组织领导。 Fourth, to strengthen the implementation of the outline of the organizational leadership.要在党中央、国务院的统一领导下,充分发挥各地方、各部门、各社会团体的积极性和主动性,大力?­同,共同推动纲要的组织实施。 Want at the CPC Central Committee, under the unified leadership of the State Council to give full play to the place, all departments and social organizations enthusiasm and initiative, strong coordination, organization and jointly promote the implementation of the outline.特别是国家科技管理部门、发展改革部门、财政部门等综合管理部门要紧密配合,切实负起责任,加强具体指导。 In particular the management of national science and technology department, development and reform department, financial department, such as General Management Department to work closely with, and effectively take the responsibility, to strengthen specific guidance.各省、自治区、直辖市要结合本地实际,贯彻落实纲要。 Provinces, autonomous regions, municipalities directly under the central light of local conditions to implement the outline.

The implementation of this outline, the relationship between well-off society achieve the goal, the relationship between the success of the socialist modernization drive, the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. Let us, Comrade Hu Jintao as general secretary of the CPC Central Committee, under the leadership of Deng Xiaoping Theory and "Three Represents" important thought as the guide, strengthen confidence, work hard for building an innovation-oriented country, achieve scientific and technological development of China's grand blueprint strive!(完) (END)

 

 

 

 

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